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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands


Encampment at Lens, 1710

The Army encamped upon / the Plains of Lens undr / the Command of the / Duke of Marlborough / 27 May: 1710 1710 or later

Pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on paper | Scale: 1:32,600 approx. | RCIN 726051

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A map of the encampment of the Allied army, commanded by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722) on the plains south-east of Lens, 27 May 1710. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with south to top.

A rough sketch map showing the positions of the infantry in red and the cavalry in yellow. Marlborough's headquarters are shown to the north of Lens, the Danish generals are billeted at Noyelle (Noyelles-Godault 50°25'03"N 02°59'35"E), Dutch officers are at Henin Lietard (Hénin-Beaumont 50°24'48"N 25°57'53"E), English colonels are encamped at Mericourt (Méricourt 50°24'04"N 02°51'44"E), the Prince of Hesse is quartered at Noyelle-sous-Lens (50°25'51"N 02°52'19"E), General Nastmur is at Loyson (Loison-sous-Lens 50°26'16"N 02°51'11"E), Lord Orkney is at the Abbey of Annay (50°27'46"N 02°52'52"E), General Bulow is at Avioin (Avion 50°24'37"N 02°49'49"E), Lumley is at Livine (Liévin 50°25'11"N 02°46'50"E), Count Tilly is at Fouquiere (Fouquières-lès-Lens 50°25'42"N 02°54'47"E).

This is reminiscent of some of the work done on Cumberland's campaigns and it is possible that the execution date is sometime in the 1740s.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Map: crown above a horn in shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters WR below. Backing paper: Strasburg bend and lily, countermark: IV.

    Mark, stamped: 136

    Condition: at least six fold lines formed before the map was laid down on paper; surface dirt, especially on verso. Verso: remains of guard; top left, shadow from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:32,600 approx. Scale bar: Miles [148 mm = 3].

    37.1 x 48.5 cm (image and sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    The Army encamped upon / the Plains of Lens undr / the Command of the / Duke of Marlborough / 27 May: 1710. [bottom right]


    George III heading: Encampment at Lens 27 May 1710.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom left, black pencil:] 87 [and] 85; [bottom left, black pencil:] le camp Lens 1710; [left, top centre, black pencil, partly erased:] XCII; [left, top centre, ink:] 27.; [centre, red pencil:] 87.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Lens A drawn Plan of the Encampment of the Allied Army on the Plains of Lens under the command of the Duke of Marlborough, 27 May 1710. [The same entry appears under the heading Encampment.]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Lens, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France (50°25'58"N 02°49'40"E)