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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands

W Brückman (active 1745)

Encampment near Oudenaarde, 1708

PLAN DE LA SITUATION D’AUDENARDE. / avec le Campement francois le long de l'Escaut c.1745

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on three sheets of paper, joined; laid down on two pieces of coarse linen, stitched together | Scale: not stated. 1:32,600 approx. | RCIN 726015.a

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A map of the encampments of the French army along the River Scheldt on 5 November 1708. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with south to top (compass rose).

This map, and the accompanying texts, were presumably copied from earlier documents relating to the War of the Spanish Succession while Brückman was in camp in Lessines in June 1745 (see RCIN 726015.b). They would have been of use to Cumberland during the War of the Austrian Succession.

  • W Brückman (active 1745) (surveyor and draughtsman) [bottom right of title panel:] Bruckmann.

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 123

    Condition: six fold lines. Verso: induced discolouration; bottom left and bottom right, water-stained patch; bottom, right of centre, shadow from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: not stated. 1:32,600 approx.

    35.8 x 131.2 cm (neatline)

    36.5 x 132.0 cm (image)

    37.9 x 133.5 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN DE LA SITUATION D’AUDENARDE. / avec le Campement francois le long de l'Escaut. [top left, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [top left, below title, in title panel:] Le 5 Novembre 1708 Son Altesse Le Prince Eugene et milord = / Duc passerent l'Escaut à Kerckhoffen et à Gavern à la Veüe des / Trouppes francoises qui se retirerent sans faire un coup mais / le Lieutenant Generall Hautefort fet la Retrait en son Ordre de / puis Hauteurs d'oudenarde, jusqu'au defilées de Gramont.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment near Oudenarde 5 Nov.r 1708.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top left, black pencil, in Mason's hand?]: 68. (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, black pencil, in Mason's hand?]: 56; [top, right of centre, black pencil:] 68; [right centre, red pencil, in Mason's hand?:] 56; [top right, obscured by linen backing, black pencil:] 19. [and, black pencil:] 68; [top right, obscured by linen backing, ink:] B.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampment Plan dessiné de la Situation d'Oudenarde, avec le Campement de l'Armée Françoise le long de l'Escaut le 5 de Nov.re 1708: par le Capitaine Bruckman Ing.r 3 feuilles avec son detail manuscrit de la Campagne de 1708. [The same entry appears under the heading Oudenarde.]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Oudenaarde, Flanders, Belgium (50°51'06"N 03°36'32"E)