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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands

Eugène Henri Fricx (January 1644-18 December 1730)

Siege of Aire, 1710

PLAN / DE LA VILLE D'AIR / et du FORT S.t FRANCOIS / Et de ses trois Attaques dans l'estat qu'Elle estoit quand / Elle fut Assiegée par les Hauts Alliés sous le Commandement / de S.A.S. Monseig: le Prince d'Anhalt Dessau... published 1711

Etching and engraving; printed on paper | Scale: 1:6,200 approx. | RCIN 726060

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A map of the siege of Aire, 6 September-9 November 1710, by the Allied army, commanded by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), resulting in the surrender of the fortress by the French. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with north-west to top (compass rose).

The date of 9 November for the surrender of the fortress is taken from Ostwald (2007), p.343.

Jean Henri Weber, the surveyor of this map was an engineer in the service of Charles I (1654-1730), Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel from 1670 until 1730 who rented his army to others during the War of the Spanish Succession.

Other commanders included Arnold Joost van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle (1670-1718) and Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (1676-1747), who commanded the Prussian troops.

This large-scale map shows only the detail of the fortified walls with the attack parallels, zig-zags and batteries, and the immediate surroundings.

  • Eugène Henri Fricx (January 1644-18 December 1730) (publisher) [bottom left, inside neatline:] A Bruxelles Chez Eugene Henri Fricx, Ruë de la Madeleine, 1711. (publisher) [bottom left, inside neatline:] A Bruxelles Chez Eugene Henri Fricx, Ruë de la Madeleine, 1711.

    Jean Henri Weber (active 1710-11) (surveyor and ndraughtsman) [bottom left, following on from title, in title cartouche:] Levé et dessiné par F: [i.e. J] H: Weber Capitaine et Ingenieur de S.A.S. Mons: / le Land Grave de Hesse-Cassel.

    Pieter Devel (active 1710-11) (engraver) [bottom left, inside neatline:] P. Devel. fecit.

  • Watermark: None

    Condition: one fold line. Verso: bottom, right of centre, water-stained patch, shadow and gosting from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:6,200 approx. Scale bar: Echelle de 300 Toises [94 mm = ].

    42.1 x 58.0 cm (neatline)

    42.7 x 58.7 cm (image)

    43.7 x 59.8 cm (platemark)

    50.7 x 63.4 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    PLAN / DE LA VILLE D'AIR / et du FORT S.t FRANCOIS / Et de ses trois Attaques dans l'estat qu'Elle estoit quand / Elle fut Assiegée par les Hauts Alliés sous le Commandement / de S.A.S. Monseig: le Prince d'Anhalt Dessau l'an 1710. / aÿant été investie le 6.me du mois de Sept: et prise par / accord le 8.me Novemb: á 6 heures du soir. [bottom left, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [bottom right, in rectangular panel, a key, A-I, K-P, to the different attacks, redoubt, lines, and other salient features such as canals and ditches:] RENVOY.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Aire 6 Sept.r - 8 Nov.r 1710.

    Other anotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top right, ink:] D.a Netherlands 8 [the ‘a’ and ‘8’ have been scraped out]; [top right, black pencil:] 16; [top right, black pencil:] 103.; [right centre, red pencil:] 96.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Aire Plan de la Ville d'Aire et du Fort S.t François, avec les trois attaques des Alliés en 1710, par le Cap.t Weber Ing.r chez Friex, 1711.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Aire-sur-la-Lys, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France (50°38'19"N 02°23'55"E)