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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands

W Brückman (active 1745)

Siege of Aire, 1710

PLANN / DER SITUATION VON AIR 1745 or later

Pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: 1:16,700 approx. | RCIN 726058

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A map of the siege of Aire, 6 September-9 November 1710, by the Allied army, commanded by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), resulting in the surrender of the fortress by the French. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with north to top.

The date of 9 November for the surrender of the fortress is taken from Ostwald (2007), p.343.

Captain Brückman, the draughtsman of this map, was on campaign in Flanders with the Duke of Cumberland in 1745 (see RCIN 726015.b).

Other commanders included Arnold Joost van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle (1670-1718) and Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (1676-1747), who commanded the Prussian troops.

The map extends from Roquetoir (Roquetoire 50°40'13"N 02°20'35"E) in the north-west to just north of Pequer (50°38'45"N 22°26'28"E) in the north-east, and from Etre Blanche (Estré-Blanche 50°35'37"N 02°19'11"E) in the south-west to Isbergue (Isbergues 50°37'23"N 02°27'32"E) in the south-east.

The topography is recorded in detail: river valleys, marshy and flooded areas, settlements; road directions are given and the fortifications of Aire, together with the three attacks, are shown. The positions of the encamped troops, together with regimental names, are marked.

  • W Brückman (active 1745) (draughtsman) [top right, at end of text in title panel:] W Brückman.

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys above the letter WR [?]; countermark: I VILLEDARY

    Mark, stamped: 140

    Condition: two fold lines; top left corner torn. Verso: foxing; bottom, right of centre: water-stained patch, shadow and ghosting from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:16,700 approx. Scale bar: Maastaab [48 mm =] 1000 Schrit:

    47.5 x 68.9 cm (image and neatline)

    50.6 x 71.4 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLANN / DER SITUATION VON AIR. [top right, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [top right, following on from title:] Welcher vorstellet, die Stadt und / des Forts, mit dehnen Dreÿ Atta, / ques, davon Zweÿ, die Nacht, von 12, / â 13. ten, des monts Septembr. 1710. geöff,, / net wurde. Die Tritte aber ward geöff,, / net, den 1 ten October, als eine Atta,, / que, von den Ersten Zweÿen, muste ver,, / lassen werden. Wie auch, wie und wel,, / cher gestalt, man die Stad den 6ten 7br: / mit 40 Battaillons und 23. Escadrons, / Investiret, und sich nach gelegenheit, / gesetzet, wie die Regimenter mit nahmen / weisen, auch ist eintheill der Beeden Ar,, / mès, darauf zusehen, welche Rechter Flügel / an der Lisse, und Linker an Liller gegan,, / gen, die übergabe der Stadt ist geschehen, / den 8.ten, und der Ausmarch, den / 12.ten Novembr: selbigen Jahr. / Alles auf fleissigste gezeichnet, und / im Riss gebracht durch.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Aire 6 Sept.r - 8 Nov.r 1710.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top right, ink:] B.; [top right, black pencil, crossed out in black pencil and partly cropped:] F.8; [top right, black pencil:] 101.; [bottom right, red ink, in the same hand as the old heading:] An Account of the Campaign of 1708 / relative to this map VI/15; [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] Sept.re / [?] d'Aire 3 Octobre } 1710 [crossed out:] 1706; [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] 94; [right centre, red pencil:] 94.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Aire Plan dessiné de la situation et environs de la Ville d'Aire, investie par les Alliés le 6 Septembre et prise le 8 Nov.re 1710 par le Cap.ne Bruckman Ing.r (voyez son Journal de la Campagne de 1708. VI.15).

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Aire-sur-la-Lys, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France (50°38'19"N 02°23'55"E)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    J. Ostwald, Vauban under siege: engineering efficiency and martial vigor in the War of the Spanish Succession, Leiden 2007