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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands

HJB (active 1706)

Siege of Ath, 1706

PLAN / unt / Grund=Ris von der Vestung ATH / sambt der Attaque so die Allÿrten Anno 1706 / d 20ten 7br: Abens geöffnet durch Commando, des / herrn Generall=Feld Marechall Owerquercke / und damit Continuitet bis d. 2ten octob... 1706 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on coarse linen | Scale: 1:6,000 approx. | RCIN 725083

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A map of the siege of Ath by the Allied army, commanded by Henry, Count of Nassau, Lord of Overkirk [Hendrik van Nassau, Heer van Ouderkerk (1640-1708)], from 20 September to the surrender of the French garrison on 2 October 1706. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with north-north-east to top (compass rose).

The map shows in detail the layout of the town and the fortifications and siegeworks, the lines of fire from the batteries, and some of the surrounding country. Apart from a few religious buildings such as cloisters, the only named settlement is Lorette (50°38'01"N 03°47'54"E) to the north-east. Relief is shown by hachures produced by using dry brushwork.

  • HJB (active 1706) (draughtsman) [bottom of cartouche:] H. J. B:

  • Watermark: Strasburg bend and lily; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 109

    Condition: one fold line; foxing on both sides, more pronounced on verso. Verso, bottom left of centre: water-stained patch from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:6,000 approx. Scale bar: Maas von 600 Schritte [79 mm =].

    42.3 x 56.0 cm (image and neatline)

    44.0 x 57.6 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / unt / Grund=Ris von der Vestung ATH / sambt der Attaque so die Allÿrten Anno 1706 / d 20ten 7br: Abens geöffnet durch Commando, des / herrn Generall=Feld Marechall Owerquercke / und damit Continuitet bis d. 2ten octob da der / Feind die Chamade Schlug, und sich auf Discre / tion ergab, und nach 3 Tagen als Krigesgefan / gene nach Brüxell gebracht wurde.

    Additional text:

    [below title, in cartouche, key to the map: A-I, K-U, W-Z, to the named bastions; a key, a-i, to the parallels and the date of their opening on 20 September, and the batteries.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading [on white paper strip pasted to verso:] Ath 20 Sept.r - 2 Oct. 1706.

    Other inscriptions: (Recto) [top right, black pencil, in Schultz or Mason's hand?:] 54. (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] 42; [top, left of centre, ink, obscured by linen:] 7.; [top right, black pencil:] 55; [right of centre, red pencil:] 42; [bottom, left of centre, obscured by linen, black pencil:] [?] 1706.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Ath Plan dessiné de la Ville d'Ath assiegée par les Alliés le 20 de Septembre et prise le 2 d'Octobre 1706: par H.I.B.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Ath, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°37'45"N 03°46'40"E)