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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands

Eugène Henri Fricx (January 1644-18 December 1730)

Siege of Lille, 1708

PLAN / DE LA CITADELLE / DE LILLE published 1709

Etching and engraving; printed on paper; hand-coloured | Scale: 1:4,400 approx. | RCIN 726012

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A plan of the siege of the citadel of Lille by the Allied army commanded by Prince Eugène of Savoy (1663-1736), from 29 October to its surrender on 8 December 1708. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with west-north-west to top.

  • Eugène Henri Fricx (January 1644-18 December 1730) (publisher) [bottom of cartouche:] A BRUXELLES, / Chex Eugene Henrÿ Fricx rue de la Madelaine. 1709.

    Brüchmann (active 1708-9) (surveyor and draughtsman) [in text, below title:] Le tout dessiné et levé avec la derniere exactitude pendant et après le Siege, avec les attaques et la force des ouvrages representés en Profil, par le Sieur Brüchman Capitaine de S.A.E. de Bruns: Luneb: et Hanovre.

  • Watermark: None

    Condition: one fold line. Verso: induced discolouration; remains of guard along centre fold; shadow and ghosting from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label; foxing

  • Scale: 1:4,400 approx. Scale bar: Echelle de 200. Toises pour la Citadelle [88 mm =].

    33.2 x 54.6 cm (neatline of plan)

    42.7 x 55.2 cm (image)

    44.9 x 56.6 cm (platemark)

    48.3 x 60.6 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    PLAN / DE LA CITADELLE / DE LILLE. [top left, in cartouche surmounted by the coat of arms of Prince Eugene of Savoy, flanked on the left by a winged female blowing a trumpet and on the right by two putti, one supporting the coat of arms, another holding a castle aloft, while a third holds an olive branch and the victor's laurel wreath]

    Inset:

    [bottom, below plan, a section across the fortifications of the citadel:] Profil.
    Scale: 1:419 approx. Scale bar: Echelle de 20. Toises pour le Profil [93 mm =]. Size: 8.7 x 54.6 cm (neatline).

    Additional text:

    [top left, following on from title, in title cartouche:] LAQUELLE, APRES QUE LA VILLE FUT PRISE LE 22. OCTOBRE, ON / a aussi commencé d'attaquer sous le commandement de S.A. LE PRINCE EUGENE DE / SAVOYE dès le 29. et ainsi continué comme il se voit par les renvoys suivans, iusques au 8 / Decembre 1708. lorsque l'Ennemi battit la Chamade à 8. heures du matin, et en sortit trois jours / après tambour batant et enseignes déployées. [in cartouche, below title: a brief account of the siege and a key to the plan, A-I, K-R.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Citadelle of Lille 29 Oct.r - 8 Dec.r 1708.

    Other inscriptions: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top right, ink, crossed out in black pencil:] 18.; [top right, black pencil:] 66. [the 2nd ‘6’ looks like a ‘5’ made into a ‘6’]; [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] 54; [right centre, red pencil:] 54.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Lille Plan de la Citadelle de Lille attaquée par les Alliés sous le commandement du Prince Eugene de Savoye le 29 Octobre et prise le 8 Dec.re 1708: par le Capitaine Bruchman Ing.r chez Friex, 1709.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France (50°37'58"N 03°03'30"E)