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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands

Johannes Covens (1697-1774) and Cornelis Mortier (1699-1783)

Siege of Tournai, 1709

PLAN DE / LA CITADELLE DE / TOURNAY / Avec ses Galeries et / Contre-mines, et les / Attaques de M.r le / General Schulenborg 1721 or later

Etching and engraving; printed on paper | Scale: 1:4,600. | RCIN 726027

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A plan of the siege of the citadel of Tournai by the Allied army commanded by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722) resulting in its surrender by the French on 3 September. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with north-east to top (cardinal points).

The attack was led by Carl Philipp, Reichsgraf von Wylich und Lottum (1650-1719), supreme commander of the Prussian troops, and Johann Matthias von der Schulenberg (1661-1747).

The publication date of 1721 or later is taken from the date of the formation of the firm under Johannes Covens and Cornelis Mortier on 20 November 1721 (van Egmond, p.57). This map may have been published in 1745, around the time of the siege of Tournai after the Battle of Fontenoy (11 May) during the War of the Austrian Succession.

  • Johannes Covens (1697-1774) and Cornelis Mortier (1699-1783) (publisher) [bottom left, inside neat line:] à Amsterdam / Chez / CÓVENS et MORTIER.

  • Watermark: None

    Condition: one fold line; some foxing. Verso: bottom left, water-stained patch, shadow and ghosting, from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label: VOL II / 68

  • Scale: 1:4,600. Scale bar: Echelle de 150 Toises [63 mm =].

    39.6 x 33.9 cm (image and neatline)

    42.2 x 34.9 cm (platemark)

    20.0 x 24.8 cm (neatline of plan)

    44.6 x 36.9 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    PLAN DE / LA CITADELLE DE / TOURNAY / Avec ses Galeries et / Contre-mines, et les / Attaques de M.r le / General Schulenborg. [top left]


    [top left:] PROFIL DE LA CITADELLE. Scale: 1:800 approx. Scale bar: Echelle de 100 Pieds [41 mm = ] Size: 19.7 x 4.4 cm (neatline). [Bottom, below plan:] Profil. Scale: 1:47 approx. Scale bar: Echelle de 48 Pieds. [68 mm = ]. Size: 18.0 x 29.3 cm (neatline).

    Additional text:

    [top left, and left, below title, a key, A-I, K-T, V-Z, to the government offices, arsenal, barracks, wells, and various structures of the fortification, and 1-12 identifying the positions of the contre-mines:] RENVOY.


    George III heading: Tournay 1709.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, black pencil:] 79. (Verso) [bottom right, black pencil:] 68; [centre, red pencil:] 68.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Tournay Plan et Profil de la Citadelle de Tournay avec ses galeries et contre-mines, et les Attaques du General Schulenbourg en 1709: chez Covens et Mortier.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints of Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Tournai, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°36'25"N 03°23'21"E)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. van Egmond, Covens & Mortier. A map publishing house in Amsterdam 1685-1866 Utrecht Studies in the History of Cartography 8, Houten 2009