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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands

? George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49)

Tongeren and Bilzen, 1703

PLAN du Pais entre TONGREN et BILSEN / et de tous les Marais et Sources de la Demer, / Avec le Campement des ALLIEZ sous le / Commandem.t de Monseigneur le Duc de / Marlborough, le 20.me... 1742 or later

Pen, pencil, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on two pieces of coarse linen stitched together | Scale: 1:21,000 approx. | RCIN 725031

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A map of the country between Tongeren and Bilzen showing the camps of the Allied army, the headquarters of the generals, the march routes on their way to winter quarters at Asse (Flanders, Belgium, 50°54'36"N 04°11'54"E), and the occurrence of marshy ground. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with west to top.

The attribution to Schultz is made on stylistic grounds. This map is probably a copy made by Schultz of an original survey by John Armstrong, when Armstrong was serving as a field engineer with the chief engineer, Brigadier Holcroft Blood in Flanders under the command of Marlborough in 1703. John Armstrong rose to become a Major-General, Chief Engineer and Surveyor General of the Board of Ordnance.

This map would have been used by Cumberland to plan sites for encampments and troop movement during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Cumberland was in this area for the period around the Battle of Lafelt, 2 July 1747 and it is possible that this map was copied by Schultz around this time.

The area covered extends approximately from Piringen (50°47'12"N 05°25'05"E) to just west of Munsterbilzen (50°53'21"N 05°31'35"E), and from west of Bloer (50°47'00"N 05°30'00"E) to north-east of Hulbeck (Hoelbeek 50°52'19"N 05°33'32"E).

  • ? George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49) (draughtsman)

    John Armstrong (1674-1742) (surveyor) [bottom right, left of title:] Levé par J. Armstrong.

  • Watermark: Indistinct: device [fleur-de-lys?] in crowned shield, the letters V [?] L below

    Mark, stamped: 76

    Condition: one fold line. Verso, bottom, right of centre: water-stained patch, fragments and shadow from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:21,000 approx. Scale bar: Une Demi-Lieue, ou une Mile et demi d'Angleterre [125 mm =]; 3100 Pas Communs. [121 mm =].

    35.4 x 70.7 cm (neatline)

    35.9 x 71.2 cm (image)

    38.7 x 73.9 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title

    PLAN du Pais entre TONGREN et BILSEN / et de tous les Marais et Sources de la Demer, / Avec le Campement des ALLIEZ sous le / Commandem.t de Monseigneur le Duc de / Marlborough, le 20.me Octob. 1703. / Et la Marche de l’Aile droite le 30.me vers / Asch, allant au Quartier d’Hyver sous la / Conduite de son Excell.ce le Gen.l Churchill. [bottom right, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [bottom left, a key, A-F to the headquarters locations of the generals.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading [on a white paper strip pasted to the verso:] Encampment between Tongres and Bilsen 20 Oct. 1703.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, black pencil:] 30; [bottom right, after date in title, black pencil:] V:S:. (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] 9.; [top left, ink, in Schultz's hand?, obscured by linen backing:] Netherlands d.; [top, right of centre, ink or black pencil, crossed out in red pencil, and obscured by white paper strip:] Netherlands; [top right, black pencil or ink, obscured by linen backing:] B.2 [and:] 4. [and:] 30.; [top right, black pencil:] 20; [top right, black pencil:] 28; [bottom right, ink, in Schultz's hand?, obscured by linen:] Netherlands d.; [bottom, right of centre, black pencil, obscured by white paper strip:] V/31; [right centre, red pencil:] 9.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampment Plan dessiné du Pays entre Tongres et Bilsen et des tous les Marais et Sources de la Demer; avec le Campement des Alliés sous le commandement du Duc de Marlborough, le 20e Oct. 1703: et la Marche de l'Aile droite le 30e vers Asch, allant au Quartier d'Hyver sous la conduite du General Churchill: levé par I. Armstrong. [The same entry appears under the heading Tongres.]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Tongeren, Flanders, Belgium (50°46'49"N 05°27'53"E)

    Bilzen, Flanders, Belgium (50°52'23"N 05°31'06"E)