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Contemporary prints and maps of the battles and sieges of the Eighty Years War

Filippo Ghisolfi (active 1631-68)

Schenkenschanz, 1635

SCHENKEN Schans [below map, letterpress:] Discritione del sito è positura della gran fortezza di Schinchen, e del modo con la quale la guarnigione de Gheler commandata dal Luogotenente / Colonello Anholt del Regimento... published 1635

Etched and engraved map and letterpress text printed on the same sheet of paper; mounted on paper (Mount Type B; gilt edges top and right | 19.5 x 30.7 cm (neatline of map) | RCIN 722089

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A map and letterpress text describing the capture of the fortress of Schenkenschanz on 27/28 July 1635 by the Spanish army commanded by Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria (1609/1610-9 November 1641). Eighty Years War (1568-1648). Oriented with north to top.

Situated at the confluence of the Rivers Waal and Rhine, the fortress of Schenkenschanz occupied a strategically formidable position, guarding the entrance to the Netherlands. Its capture opened up the possibility of a Spanish invasion. No sooner was the fortress occupied by the Spanish forces than Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange (29 January 1584-14 March 1647) counter-attacked by laying siege to the place on 30 July 1635 that lasted until 30 April 1636, resulting in its capitulation to the Dutch.

This appears to be a re-engraving of a work by Bonaventura Peeters the Elder (23 July 1614-25 July 1652). Peeters’s version is presumably earlier because it does not show the pontoon bridge which was made by the Spanish, crossing the Waal River between Schenkenschanz and the new fort on the other side of the river (see Rijksmuseum RP-P-1933-300).

  • Philippo Fisolfi (active 1631-68) (publisher) [bottom centre of text:] IN MILANO, Per Filippo Ghisolfi 1635. Con licenza de’ Superiori.

  • Watermark: Map and text: none. Mount: none.

    Condition: eight fold lines; originally folded to 8.8 x 10.9 cm; surface dirt and slight foxing to the edges of the mount on both sides; small tears to the left and right edges of the mount. Verso: surface dirt and wear along folds

  • Scale: Scale bar: Misura de Miglia [37 mm =] 40. [If this is computed according to Milanese miles the scale becomes 1:1,786,594, which is too small for the area and detail shown in this print.]

    19.5 x 30.7 cm (neatline of map)

    cropped (platemark)

    45.2 x 31.5 cm (sheet)

    52.4 x 40.8 cm (mount)

  • Printed title:

    SCHENKEN Schans [below map, letterpress:] Discritione del sito è positura della gran fortezza di Schinchen, e del modo con la quale la guarnigione de Gheler commandata dal Luogotenente / Colonello Anholt del Regimento del Conte di Embden ne fece la sorpresa la notte de 27. di Luglio, Con altri felici successi / seguiti alla R.A. del Serenissimo Cardinale Infante. [top centre, in rectangular cartouche]

    Insets:

    [top left, a view of ‘Schenken Schans’]. Size: 4.6 x 10.4 cm (neatline); [top right, a small-scale map of the Rhine and adjacent country centred on Emmerich.] Size: 5.2 x 11.4 cm (neatline).

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Schenken-schantz 28 July 1635.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, black pencil:] 1635. (Verso) none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Schenken-schantz Descritione del Fortezza di Schinhen et del modo con la quale la Guarnigione de Gheler commandata dal Luogotenente Colonello Anholt del Regimento del Conte di Embden ne fece la sopresa la note de 27 di Luglio 1635: per Filippo Ghisolfi, 1635.

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Schenkenschanz, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany (51°50ʹ09ʺN 06°06ʹ37ʺE)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 2970

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