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Maps and prints of naval engagements collected by George III

Daniel Orme (1766-1837)

Ushant, 1794

LORD HOWE’S VICTORY / ON THE GLORIOUS FIRST OF JUNE 1794 published 1 Oct 1795

Stipple with etching and engraving; printed on paper; laid down on paper, the paper backing brought round the edges of the recto | 46.3 x 57.4 cm (image) | RCIN 735027.a

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A view of Lord Howe on the quarterdeck of the Queen Charlotte and the death of Captain Neville, Queen's Regiment, with the battle raging in the background on 1 June 1794. French Revolutionary Wars (1792-1802): War of the First Coalition (1792-8).

The French fleet of twenty-five sail of the line and fifteen frigates had sailed out of Brest in order to bring in homeward bound merchant ships. The fleet was discovered by the British on 28 May and battle was given on the 29th. The action was interrupted by fog and battle was not re-engaged until 1 June when the British fleet prevailed and captured seven vessels.

This view shows Earl Howe on the quarter-deck of the Queen Charlotte after the French line was broken; the other individuals and features of the view are fully described in the accompanying text at RCIN 735027.b. Mather's painting, from which this aquatint is taken, is in the National Maritime Museum. This print was issued on 1 October 1795 at one guinea to subscribers.

Known as 'The Glorious First of June', this action was also known as the 'Third Battle of Ushant'. The British were commanded by Admiral Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe (1726-99), and the French were commanded by Admiral Louis-Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse (1747-1812). The British defeat of the French was only a tactical victory, the objective of capturing a French grain convoy was not achieved.

  • Daniel Orme (1766-1837) (engraver and publisher) [bottom right, below edge of view:] D. Orme Sculp.t Historical Engraver to His Majesty & his R.H. the Prince of Wales; [bottom centre, below title:] Sold & Published Oct.r 1. 1795, by DanOrme, N.o 14 Old Bond Street, London.

    After Mather Byles Brown (1761-1831) (artist) [bottom left, below edge of view:] M. Brown Pinx.t Historical Painter to their R.H. the Duke & Duchess of York.

  • Watermark: None visible

    Condition: no fold lines

  • 42.9 x 57.4 cm (neatline)

    46.3 x 57.4 cm (image)

    47.7 x 60.2 cm (platemark)

    49.0 x 61.4 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    LORD HOWE’S VICTORY / ON THE GLORIOUS FIRST OF JUNE 1794. [bottom, below view]

    Annotations:

    George III heading [black pencil:] Military Naval Engagement 1 June 1794 Port folio No 5.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [black pencil, bottom left obscured by paper backing: the old heading; bottom left, black pencil:] 102.m; [top left, black pencil:] 17; [top right, black pencil:] 19; [bottom right, black pencil:] 1794-19; [centre, black pencil, obscured by paper backing:] 17.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Naval Engagement Lord Howe’s victory on the 1.st of June 1794: by M. Brown, engraved by D. Orme, 1795: with an Index Plate and a Description.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Ushant, Brittany, France (48°27'27"N 05°05'46"W)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    H. Parker, Naval battles from the collection of prints formed and owned by Commander Sir Charles Leopold Cust. With an introduction by C.N. Robinson, London 1911, no.102.m. The key or index plate, which is not mentioned in Parker, is pasted to the left edge of the view. See RCIN 735027.b.

    K. Coombs, 'Orme, Daniel (1766–1837)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004; online edn 2006.

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