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Printed and manuscript maps, prints and views of 22 seventeenth-century wars

Anonymous

Encampment at Heilbronn, 1694

Der Römisch. Kaijss: Majestät Vnd hoher / Allijrter Armee. feldlager beij hailbron / Sampt desselbigen Retranchements / Vnd Batterien. / sub dato. der.15. Augs. Ao. 1694 1694 or later

Pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on coarse linen | Scale: not stated. 1:35,700 approx. | RCIN 724065

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A map/high oblique view of the encampment of the Imperial and Allied armies at Heilbronn, together with their lines of field fortification, August 1694. Nine Years War (1688-97). Oriented with west to top. 

This map shows the strong defensive position which had been taken up by the Imperial and Allied armies, commanded by Field Marshal Louis William, Margrave of Baden (1655-1707) between June and August. At the southern end, symbols comprising brown ink crosses probably represent chevaux-de-frises, a defensive barrier protecting the southern end of the lines and made up, in this instance, probably of felled trees. Further west along the southern end of the lines are symbols which resemble lollipops on sticks – these represent mines or mortar emplacements. The names of the encamped regiments are given. The map symbols and colourings give the impression of fertile agricultural land in the river valleys with vineyards and woodlands on the higher ground.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Indistinct

    Mark, stamped: 45

    Condition: semi-circular piece torn from left edge; five punched holes along each of left and right edges. Verso: heavy surface dirt along left edge. [See RCINs 724053, 724060, 724062, 724064, 724066, 724067, 724068 for similar punched holes.]

  • Scale: not stated. 1:35,700 approx.

    25.7 x 37.2 cm (neatline)

    27.2 x 38.7 cm (image)

    27.7 x 39.1 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Der Römisch. Kaijss: Majestät Vnd hoher / Allijrter Armee. feldlager beij hailbron / Sampt desselbigen Retranchements / Vnd Batterien. / sub dato. der.15. Augs. Ao. 1694. [top left, in cartouche representing a scroll]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment at Heilbronn 15 August 1694.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top left, red pencil:] 3/148 [and, black pencil:] IV/84; [top right, ink, obscured by white paper label:] Encampment; [top right, on white paper strip, black pencil, possibly related to the microfilming of fiche:] 15 sec.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampment Der Romisch. Kays. Majestat und Hoher Allyrter Armee Feldlager bey Hailbron, sampt desselbigen Retranchements und Batterien, sub dato des 15 Aug. 1694. drawn.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Heilbronn, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (49°08ʹ23ʺN 09°13ʹ13ʺE)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    J.A. Lynn, The wars of Louis XIV 1667-1714, London 1999, republished 2013, p. 236

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