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Printed and manuscript maps, prints and views of 22 seventeenth-century wars

Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-77)

Encampment at Newcastle-upon-Tyne; Felton; Rock; Detchant and Goswick, 1639

THE SEVERALL FORMES / How King Charles his ARMEY enquarterd / in the fields being past New Castle, on / the march toward Scotland Anno Domini 1639 1639 or later

Etching and engraving; printed on paper | 39.3 x 31.6 cm (image and neatline) | RCIN 722136

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A portrait of Charles I together with four plans of the encampments of the English army on the route of his march towards Scotland between Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Berwick-upon-Tweed in May 1639. First Bishops' War (1639).

The publisher of this print, Thomas Sandford, was a quartermaster who served in 1640 as quartermaster in the Earl of Northumberland's Regiment of Foot (the Lord General's Regiment) during the army's retreat from Newcastle to York in the Second Bishops' War of 1640 (see the Rushworth Papers for confirmation).

The map of the 'Great Leaguer', which is referred to in the Gossick moore plan above, was the encampment near Berwick, shown in RCIN 722137.

This is an impression of the first state; see also RCIN 802330.

In a rectangular panel in the top right is a portrait of Charles I, left, together with four representations of encampments.

  • Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-77) (etcher) [left, below portrait of Charles I:] W: Hollar Bohe: fecit / Cum Priuilegio Regis.

    Thomas Sandford (active 1639-1640) (dedicator) [top left, following on from dedication:] THOMAS SANFORD Qur: M:r / humbly presents ye Duty / of a loyall Subject and / most faithfull Servant,

  • Watermark: Bunch of grapes; another mark, cropped

    Condition: one fold line; surface dirt; top right corner cut off; some pressure marks

  • 39.3 x 31.6 cm (image and neatline)

    [cropped] x 32.3 cm (platemark)

    40.3 x 48.8 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    THE SEVERALL FORMES / How King Charles his ARMEY enquarterd / in the fields being past New Castle, on / the march toward Scotland Anno Domini 1639 [in rectangular panel]

    Printed title:

    In this Forme thes [sic] fiue Regiments lodged on a Moore neere Felton / called Bocking feild [sic] moore, May the 21th [sic] 1639.

    Printed title:

    On Rock moore thes six Regim:ts were thus quarterd [sic] May 22.

    Printed title:

    By Detcham wood May the 23. thes Regiments were thus quarterd

    Printed title:

    On Gossick moore neere the holly Island thes Regiments were / thus quarterd, May 24 and vpon the 27 of May they martcht / a way to the Grand Leaguer.

    Dedication:

    [top left, in cartouche:] TO THE HIGHE AND MIGH / ty Prince Charles by the grace / of God of England, Scotland, Fran / ce and Ireland King, defendor of the / faith, etc:

    Additional text:

    [bottom left, in cartouche framed by upended cannon standing on the cascobel, each with two sets of dolphin lifting handles and the coat of arms of Elizabeth I, a key, A-G, to the regiments depicted in the four encampment plans:] This Table shews the ordens martch / & Quarters of these Regiments, in / this card exprest

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment 21-27 May 1639.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [bottom left, black pencil, in Miss Evelyn Heaton Smith’s hand?:] P.544.(i) & (1434) Very rare. [top right, black pencil:] N.o 271; [top right, black pencil, erased and illegible]. (Verso) none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampment The severall formes how King Charles his Armey enquarter’d in the Fields being past New Castle on the March towards Scotland, from the 21.st to the 27.th of May 1639: by Thomas Sanford, engraved by Hollar with a Portrait of the King.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England (54°58ʹ24N 01°36ʹ50"W)

    Felton, Northumbria, England (55°18ʹ35ʺN 01°43ʹ32ʺW)

    Rock, Northumbria, England (55°28ʹ00ʺN 01°40ʹ00ʺW)

    Detchant, Northumbria, England (55°37ʹ20ʺN 01°51ʹ46ʺW)

    Goswick, Northumbria, England (55°41ʹ58ʺN 01°54ʹ28ʺW)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    R. Pennington, A descriptive catalogue of the etched work of Wenceslaus Hollar 1607-1677, Cambridge, 1982, no. 544

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