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Printed and manuscript maps, prints and views of 22 seventeenth-century wars

C.D. Voisin (active 1696-7)

Kuppenheim, Muggensturm and Niederbühl, 1697

PLAN du CAMP / de Nider Buhl pres Kuppenheim, / Retranché de l’Armée du Roy, Commandeé / par Mr le Marechal de Choiseul, / En presence de l’Armée des Alliez pres Mu- / ckensturm sur le... 1742 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: 1:56,000 approx. | RCIN 724088

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A map of the French encampment between Niederbühl and Kuppenheim, commanded by Claude de Choiseul-Francières, Marechal de France (1632-1711) and the encampment of the Allies at Muggensturm, commanded by Field Marshal Louis William, Margrave of Baden (1655-1707) in 1697. Nine Years War (1688-97). Oriented with north-north-east to top (cardinal points).

This map shows the point, during the operations on the Rhine in the closing stages of the war in 1697, when the French and German armies stood facing each other just about a league apart. The draughtsmanship of the map is very similar to that of some of the British military engineers who fought in the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Older maps were commonly copied and referred to in order to provide topographical and military information to assist in the planning of later campaigns.

The map extends from Benheim (Benheim, Alsace, France 48°51ʹ53ʺN 08°05ʹ08ʺE), Seltz (Seltz, Alsace, France 48°53ʹ43ʺN 08°06ʹ27ʺE), Menichhausen (Munchhausen, Alsace, France 48°55ʹ13ʺN 08°08ʹ50ʺE) and Ettickheim (Ötigheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany 48°53ʹ27ʺN 08°14ʹ04ʺE) in the north-west to Bade (Baden-Baden, Baden-Württemberg, Germany 48°45ʹ38ʺN 08°14ʹ23ʺE) in the south-east.

  • C.D. Voisin (active 1696-7) (surveyor) [top right, following on from title, in title panel:] Levé sur les Lieux par C.D. Voisin Ingenieur du dit General

    Anonymous (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield suspending a ‘4’; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 54

    Condition: one fold line; 10.1 cm tear along bottom of fold. Verso: induced discolouration; ghosting from the former presence of Cumberland's cipher label, illegible

  • Scale: 1:56,000 approx. Scale bar: Echelle d’une Lieue [80 mm =] 2400 Toises.

    34.0 x 49.5 cm (neatline)

    34.5 x 50.2 cm (image)

    38.4 x 56.2 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN du CAMP / de Nider Buhl pres Kuppenheim, / Retranché de l’Armée du Roy, Commandeé / par Mr le Marechal de Choiseul, / En presence de l’Armée des Alliez pres Mu- / ckensturm sur le Pfedersbach, Commandée / par Mgr. le Prince Louis de Bade / En l’Année 1697. [top right, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [bottom right, in rectangular panel, a key, A-F, to the batteries, trenches, redoubts, abbatis and bridges.]


    George III heading: Encampment at Nider Buhl 1697.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top left, black pencil:] 11. (Verso) [top, right of centre, black pencil, erased:] Rhine; [bottom, left of centre, in Schultz's or Mason's hand?, black pencil:] 62; [right of centre, red pencil:] 65.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Nider Buhl Plan dessiné du Camp retranché de l’Armée du Roy a Nider Buhl pres de Kuppenheim, commandée par le Marechal de Choiseul, en presence de l’Armée des Alliés, commandée par le Prince Louis de Bade, pres de Muckensturn sur le Pfedersbach en 1697: levé sur les lieux par C.D. Voisin Ing.r

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Kuppenheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (48°49ʹ41ʺN 08°15ʹ15ʺE)

    Muggensturm, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (48°52ʹ00ʺN 08°17ʹ00ʺE)

    Niederbühl, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (48°50ʹ31ʺN 08°13ʹ08ʺE)

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