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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars

? William Eyres (d. 1764)

Battle of Culloden, 1746


Pencil, pen, ink, watercolour and grey wash on eight sheets of paper, joined; laid down on linen | Scale: 1:8,400 approx. | RCIN 730024

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A map of the Battle of Culloden fought on 16 April 1746 between the King’s army, commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65) and the Jacobite army, under Charles Edward Stuart (1720-88) resulting in a royal victory. Jacobite Rebellion (1745-6). Oriented with south-west to top (compass rose indicates north-north-east to top).

The tentative attribution to William Eyres is made on stylistic grounds. This large-scale plan is the only one in the collection on which some attempt has been made to portray the microtopography of the battlefield, with many pools of open water, and rough ground, which are contrasted with the cultivated fields within the Culwhiniac enclosures. None of the regiments of either army is named, and the left flank of the rebel army is shown further north along the east wall of the Culloden Parks than other maps.

  • ? William Eyres (d. 1764) (surveyor and draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys; countermark: J HONIG

    Mark, stamped: 506

    Condition: two fold lines; creased. Verso: brown staining; induced discolouration

  • Scale: 1:8,400 approx. Scale bar: [218 mm =] 2000 Yards.

    98.6 x 68.7 cm (neatline)

    98.6 x 68.7 cm (image)

    100.6 x 69.9 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    A PLAN OF THE BATTLE / of / COLLODDEN. [bottom left, on white paper pasted to face of map]


    George III heading: Battle of Culloden 16 April 1746 [ink on white paper strip pasted to verso].

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom right, ink:] Battle of Culloden; [centre, ink, crossed out in red, obscured by white paper strip:] Culloden; [bottom, right of centre, red pencil:] 10/30; [bottom, right of centre, black pencil:] XII/[?].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Culloden A drawn Plan of the Battle of Culloden, gained by His Majesty’s Army under the command of the Duke of Cumberland, over the Rebels, on the of April 1746.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Culloden Moor (Highland Region, Scotland, UK) 57°28'00"N 04°05'00"W​

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