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Daniel Paterson (d. 1749)

March to Culloden, 1746

The march / of the Royal / Army from / Fochabers to / Inverness / with ane exact / Plan of the / Battle of Culloden / aprill ye 16. 1746 c.1746

Black and sepia ink and grey wash on two sheets of paper, joined; laid down on linen | Scale: 1:112,900 approx. | RCIN 730022

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A map of the march of the royalist army of George II to Inverness with a plan of the Battle of Culloden fought on 16 April 1746 between the King's army, commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65) and the Jacobite army, under Charles Edward Stuart (1720-88) resulting in a royal victory. Jacobite Rebellion (1745-6). Oriented with north to top (compass rose).

This map shows the march of the King's army in four columns, rather than the three indicated by the groupings on the orders of battle for Culloden. The geographical coverage extends from Fochabers (57°36'49"N 03°05'44"W) in the east to Inverness (57°28'44"N 04°13'26"W) in the west, and from Findhorn (57°39'25"N 03°36'30"W) in the north to Rothes (57°31'34"N 03°12'23"W) in the south. The camp at Fochabers is marked as ‘Elgin Camp’, the march route, using the main road and three columns to south or north side are shown passing through Elgin (57°39'00"N 03°20'00"W), camping at Alves (57°38'00"N 03°27'00"W), passing through Forass (Forres 57°36'40"N 03°36'38"W) to Nairn, where the army camped the night before the battle, and the subsequent march to the battlefield with a plan of the battle.

  • Daniel Paterson (d. 1749) (draughtsman) [bottom right, outside neatline:] Daniel Paterson

  • Watermark: None visible

    Mark, stamped: 504

    Condition: one fold line; trimmed; the backing linen is discoloured and is now dark brown. Verso: top, right of centre, water-stained patch and fragments from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:112,900 approx. Scale bar: Scale of English miles [57 mm =] 4 miles; 1:112,640 approx.

    18.7 x 67.8 cm (neatline)

    19.1 x 68.1 cm (image)

    24.1 x 74.0 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    The march / of the Royal / Army from / Fochabers to / Inverness / with ane exact / Plan of the / Battle of Culloden / aprill ye 16. 1746. [top right, in a scroll]


    George III heading: Battle of Culloden 16 April 1746 [verso, on white paper strip].

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top, left of centre, black pencil:] 20; [top right, possibly an inscription now obscured by white paper strip; bottom right, black pencil:] 16 April 1746; [right centre, red pencil:] two separate figures, one of which is an 8.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Culloden A drawn Plan of the March of the Royal Army from Fochabers to Inverness; with an exact Plan of the Battle of Culloden, April 1746: by Lieut. Daniel Paterson Eng.r [There is no entry under the heading March.]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    ​Culloden Moor (Highland Region, Scotland, UK) 57°28'00"N 04°05'00"W

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