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Maps and views, correspondence and journals from the first global war

? William Eyres (d. 1764)

Map of Fort Niagara, 1759

A Plan of Fort Niagara and its Environs with the / Attack made thereupon in the Month of July 1759Niagara, 1759 (Fort Niagara, New York, USA) 43°15'42"N 79°03'03"W 1759

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: 1:7,100 approx. | RCIN 732107

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A map of Fort Niagara and the British attack, 25 July 1759. French and Indian War (1754-63). Oriented with north to top (cardinal points). 

The tentative attribution of the draughtsmanship to William Eyres is made more on the basis of the note on the verso which states that it was received from him, than on the style of the map which, though resembling his hand in some features, such as some of the lettering, is less convincing in others. The map shows the fort and outworks, the dockyard; the burying place; the approaches; the first and second batteries with six cannons; an eight-cannon battery; the small British retrenchment at the time of the action on 24 July; the British army camp and the Indian encampment.

  • ? William Eyres (d. 1764) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Horn in crowned shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters L V G below; countermark: unidentified monogram or cipher

    Mark, stamped: 882

    Condition: four fold lines; worn along folds; small hole in centre of legend; brown discolouration; surface dirt. Verso: induced discolouration

  • Scale: 1:7,100 approx. Scale bar: Lay’d Down by a Scale of 100 Fathoms to one Inch Scale of 500 Fathoms [128 mm =].

    36.6 x 45.5 cm (neatline)

    36.7 x 46.0 cm (image and sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    A Plan of Fort Niagara and its Environs with the / Attack made thereupon in the Month of July 1759. [bottom right, in plain rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [bottom right, below title, in title panel, an explanatory key, A-I, K-L, to the features on the map:] References.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Fort Niagara 25 July 1759.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom right, red pencil:] 13/7 – 2; [bottom right, black pencil:] XVI/77; [centre, ink, obscured by linen:] Plan of Niagara from Lt Col. Eyres / Recd Jany 25 1760.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Niagara A drawn Plan of Fort Niagara and its Environs with the attack made thereupon by the British Troops under Sir Wm Johnson, taken 25.th July 1759.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Fort Niagara, New York, USA (43°15'42"N 79°03'03"W)

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