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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Anonymous

Battle of Fontenoy, 1745 1745 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; some pricking through | Scale: 1:21,000 approx. | RCIN 729102

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A map of the Battle of Fontenoy, fought on 11 May 1745 between the French, commanded by Louis XV (1710-74) and Marshal Maurice of Saxony (1696-1750), and the Allied army, commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), resulting in a French victory. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with north-east to top (cardinal points).

The detailed representations of the French positions and batteries, including features of French interest such as the vantage point from which Louis XV, the Dauphin and their party watched the battle, all indicate that this plan is French in origin. This map shows the same information as the printed map at RCIN 729103.

The map extends from Tournai (50°36'25"N 03°23'21"E) in the west to Vezon (50°34'09"N 03°30'16"E) in the east, and from Rumignies (Rumillies 50°37'15"N 03°26'35"E) in the north to an unnamed village, possibly Morlies (50°32'36"N 03°29'31"E), in the south.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Strasburg bend and lily; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 445

    Condition: seven fold lines; formerly folded to about 13.0 x 9.1 cm. Verso: surface dirt; induced discolouration; ink spots; dirt blobs

  • Scale: 1:21,000 approx. Scale bar: Echelle dun Quard de Lieue. [53 mm =].

    30.5 x 45.7 cm (image)

    30.2 x 45.3 cm (neatline)

    32.2 x 47.4 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    No title

    Additional text:

    [top right, a key, C-I to the main action of the battle.]

    Inset:

    [top left, a map showing A. the repulse of the first and second British attacks and B. the third British attack through the French lines to form a square formation.] Scale: 1:31,000 approx. Size: 11.2 x 6.8 cm (neatline).

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Battle of Fontenoy 11 May 1745.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top left, red pencil:] 9/ 27-1; [top left, black pencil, erased:] X/5[?].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Fontenoy Plan dessiné de la Bataille de Fontenoy, le 11 May 1745.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Fontenoy, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°34'03"N 03°28'24"E)

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