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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Jean Martin Husson (active 1739-46)

Battle of Fontenoy, 1745

PLAN GENERAL / DE L'ATTAQUE / DE L'ARMÉE FRANÇOISE / PRÈS DE FONTENOY, / Par les HAUTS ALLIÉS, sous les Ordres / de S.A.R. Monsg.r le Duc de Cumberland, / & de... 1745 or later

Etching and engraving with letterpress text printed on the same sheet of paper; laid down on coarse linen | Scale: not stated. 1:19,300 approx. | RCIN 729107

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A map of the Battle of Fontenoy, 11 May 1745, fought between the French, commanded by Louis XV (1710-74) and Marshal Maurice of Saxony (1696-1750), and the Allied army, commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), resulting in a French victory. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with north-west to top (compass rose).

The details on this map are consistent with François Hancko's drafts at RCINs 729094 and 729045 on which Husson based an engraved plan (see RCIN 729061.b) which carried Hancko's name.

  • Jean Martin Husson (active 1739-46) (publisher) [bottom left, below text, letterpress:] Gravé sur un Dessein Original envoyé de l'Armée: / A la Haye, chez J.M. HUSSON. [bottom right, below text, letterpress:] Uytgegeeven naar eene Origineele Afteekening uit den Leger gezonden, / In 's Gravenhage, by J.M. HUSSON.

  • Watermark: None

    Condition: one fold line; worn along fold; creased. Verso: bottom, right of centre, water-stained patch and shadow from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: not stated. 1:19,300 approx.

    37.3 x 27.0 cm (neatline)

    38.0 x 27.8 cm (image of map)

    38.8 x 28.8 cm (platemark)

    38.0 x 45.3 cm (image of whole sheet)

    41.6 x 55.8 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    PLAN GENERAL / DE L'ATTAQUE / DE L'ARMÉE FRANÇOISE / PRÈS DE FONTENOY, / Par les HAUTS ALLIÉS, sous les Ordres / de S.A.R. Monsg.r le Duc de Cumberland, / & de S.E. le Maréchal Comte de / Königsegg. / Le 11. May 1745. [top left, outside border, letterpress]

    Printed title:

    GENERAAL PLAN / VAN DEN AANVAL / OP HET FRANSCHE LEGER / BY FONTENOY, / Gedaan door de Hooge BONDGENOOTEN, / onder het Gebied van Z. Kon. H. den Heere / Hertog van Cumberland, en Z. Exc. den / Heere Veldmarschalk Grave van Königsegg. / Den 11. Mey 1745. [top right, outside border, letterpress]

    Additional text:

    [left and right, down the sides of the map, keys in French and Dutch, A-I, K-U, W-Y, to the salient geographical features and the positions of the troops throughout the battle, and an explanation of the colours used to distinguish the armies: English (red), Hanoverian (yellow), Dutch (orange), Austrian (green) and French (blue).]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Battle of Fontenoy 11 May 1745. [on white paper strip pasted to verso, ink:];

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, black pencil:] 39. (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] 15; [top right, black pencil:] 39; [top right, black pencil:] 1745; [right centre, red pencil:] 15.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Fontenoy Plan general de l'Attaque de l'Armée Francoise pres de Fontenoy, par les Hauts Alliés sous le Duc de Cumberland, le 11 Mai 1745: chez Husson.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Fontenoy, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°34'03"N 03°28'24"E)

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