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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Colonel Braun (active 1745)

Battle of Fontenoy, 1745

TROIS = PLANS / DE LA BATAILLE, QUI S'EST PASSÉE LE 11me MAŸ, 1745. PRÉS DE FONTENOŸ ENTRE L'ARMÉE ALLIÉE ET CELLE DES FRANCOIS, DONT LE PREMIER REPRESENTE LA... 1745 or later

Pen, ink and watercolour on five pieces of paper, joined; laid down on coarse linen | Scale: not stated. 1:18,000 approx. | RCIN 729092

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Three maps of the different stages of the Battle of Fontenoy, fought on 11 May 1745 between the French, commanded by Louis XV (1710-74) and Marshal Maurice of Saxony (1696-50), and the Allied army, commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), resulting in a French victory. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south-west to top (cardinal points).

Orientation varies: in the first map, the settlements at the top of the map: Baignies (Baugnies 50°33'37"N 03°33'07"E), Maubray (50°33'03"N 03°30'14"E) and Pierone (Péronnes 50°33'05"N 03°27'13"E), are on a south and south-east alignment, while the settlements along the bottom of the map, Ramecroix and Gaurain, run from north-west to south-east. The eastern limit of the map is Bourgeon, and the westernmost point is Calonne (50°34'39"N 03°26'06"E), on the west side of the River L'Escaut (Scheldt).

The attribution to Braun is made in the George III catalogue entry.

  • Colonel Braun (active 1745) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Strasburg bend with fleur-de-lys on top, the letters V D L below

    Mark, stamped: 434

    Condition: at least seven fold lines; the map appears to have been torn apart along some of the folds and has been repaired in earlier times by being laid down on coarse linen. Verso: induced discolouration; considerable brown discolouration; bottom, right of centre, water-stained patch and shadow from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: not stated. 1:18,000 approx.

    42.9 x 106.2 cm (image of whole map)

    30.6 x 45.3 cm (neatline of map 1)

    30.7 x 24.0 cm (neatline of map 2)

    30.7 x 25.4 cm (neatline of map 3)

    45.5 x 107.3 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    TROIS = PLANS / DE LA BATAILLE, QUI S'EST PASSÉE LE 11me MAŸ, 1745. PRÉS DE FONTENOŸ ENTRE L'ARMÉE ALLIÉE ET CELLE DES FRANCOIS, DONT LE PREMIER REPRESENTE LA POSITION DE L'ARMÉE / aussi bien la veille que le jour de la Battaille / Le Second, les manouvres de deux Armées durant la Bataille et Le Troisieme leur position jusqu'à la Retirade des Alliés.

    Additional text:

    [each of the three maps has a key in a rectangular panel at the top, the letters of the keys run consecutively from A to I, K-W, Y, Z, aa-cc.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Battle of Fontenoy 11 May 1745.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top, top right of right centre panel, black pencil, in Mason's hand?:] 11 May 1745 [and] 36; [centre of right centre panel, red pencil:] 12; [bottom, left of centre, black pencil, in Mason's hand?:] Fontenoy 12 1745.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Fontenoy Trois Plans dessinés de la Bataille qui s’est passée le 11 Mai 1745 pres de Fontenoy, entre l’Armée Alliée et celle des Francois: dont le premier represente la position de l’Armée aussi bien la veille que le jour de la Bataille; le second les Manouvres [sic] des deux Armées durant la Bataille; et la troisieme leur position jusqu’a la retirade des Alliés: [in red ink:] par le Colonel Braun. [in black ink:] 2 feuilles.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Fontenoy, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°34'03"N 03°28'24"E)

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