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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Johan Gottfried Mercker (active 1747)

Bergen op Zoom and Breda, 1747

PLAN / de la situation entre Breda et / Bergenopzom / avec les Inondations et Ouvrages qui ont eté / faits pendant l'hiver 1747 et 48. par Ordre / de S.A.S. le Prince Louis de Brunsv: et de Lüneb. Wolfenbüttel 1748 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on six sheets of paper, joined; laid down on two pieces of coarse linen, stitched together; edged with red silk; a brass ring top left and top right for hanging; two linen ties, top | Scale: 1:38,600 approx. | RCIN 730152

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A map of the area between Breda and Bergen op Zoom showing flooded land and the field fortifications constructed during the winter of 1747-8. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with north-west to top (compass rose).

This survey was made after the siege of Bergen op Zoom (14 July-18 September 1747) by order of Prince Louis Ernest Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Bevern, also known as Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1718-88), who was Captain-General of the Netherlands from 1750-66. It shows an apparently comprehensive road network; streams and rivers are named; land use is indicated by generalised symbols which are explained by words on the map: prairies (meadows), bruïére (heath), marais (marshland), inondation (flooded area); polders are named, windmills are drawn in elevation; the locations of the sluice gates used to flood the polders are shown as well as ditches and dams to contain the flooding, and other lines and works constructed by both the French and the Allies.

  • Johan Gottfried Mercker (active 1747) (surveyor and draughtsman) [bottom right of title cartouche:] Comencé à lever pendant le Siége et / continué par ordre de S.A.S. le Pr: Louis / de Br. Lun Wofenbüttel par / Johan Gottfried Mercker / Lieuten.

  • Watermark: None visible

    Condition: three fold lines; surface dirt. Verso: induced discolouration, foxing, surface dirt along top edge consistent with the map having been stored as a roll, tied up

  • Scale: 1:38,600 approx. Scale bar: Echelle de six ml pas, ou une Lieüe de Braband [126 mm =].

    110.6 x 96.1 cm (image and sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / de la situation entre Breda et / Bergenopzom / avec les Inondations et Ouvrages qui ont eté / faits pendant l'hiver 1747 et 48. par Ordre / de S.A.S. le Prince Louis de Brunsv: et de Lüneb. Wolfenbüttel. [right centre, in cartouche drawn as a trompe l'oeil sheet of curled paper pinned to the map]

    Additional text:

    [top right, below title, in title cartouche, a key, A-I, K-R, to geographical and military features on the map.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: X- 152 Military.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top right, ink on white, now dirty, paper label, ink:] VII/61. [top right, black pencil:] [?] 1748. [centre, felt tip of red printed Royal Library label, in a modern hand:] X/152.

    K.Mil dummy sheet:

    [Title, ink:] Plan dessiné de la situation de l'Armée alliée [underlined in red ink] entre Breda & Bergen-op-Zoom, avec les Inondations, / et ouvrages qui ont eté faits, pendant l'Hyver de 1747, 8, par ordre du Prince Louis de Brunswic et de / Luneburg Wolffenbuttel _ levé par le Lieut. Ing.r J.G. Mercker 6 feuilles / A Roll ... [black pencil:] 5 Table 2.d / [in a modern hand:] oversize / [George III heading:] Breda and Bergen op Zoom 1747-1748.
    Watermark: fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, the letters B&W below.
    Size: 46.9 x 32.6 cm (sheet).

    George III catalogue entry:

    Bergen op Zoom Plan dessiné de la Situation de l'Armée Alliée entre Breda et Bergen op Zoom, avec les Inondations et Ouvrages qui ont eté faits pendant l'Hyver de 1747, 48, par ordre du Prince Louis de Brunswic et de Luneburg Wolffenbuttel: levé par le L.t Ing.r J.G. Mercker. 6 feuilles. [The same entry appears under the heading Breda.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Bergen op Zoom, North Brabant, Netherlands (51°29'42"N 04°17'30"E)

    Breda, North Brabant, Netherlands (51°35'11"N 04°46'33"E)

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