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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49)

Breisach, 1743

Die unterm 3.e und 4e Sept. zu Nacht / über den Rhein tentirte Passage. / [below panel:] 4. Sept. 1743 1743

Pen and ink on paper | Scale: not stated. Not to scale. | RCIN 728123

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A sketch of the Austrian pontoon bridge across the Rhine at Breisach, 4 September 1743. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with west to top. The attribution to Schultz is made on stylistic grounds.

A rough outline sketch showing the Austrian pontoon bridge crossing the Rhine from Hohenfeld to Rheinmarkt island on and behind which are French concealed batteries and an impassable wide ditch. Other French concealed batteries are shown, together with the supply line from French Breisach to Fort Mortier. This sketch, along with RCIN 728124, would have formed part of the compilation materials for Schultz's map of the operations on the Rhine at RCIN 728112.a.

This action was part of the operations in the summer following the Battle of Dettingen (27 June 1743) in which the Allied armies unsuccessfully attempted to invade France by crossing the Rhine.

  • George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Coat of arms with the letters R H K in an elongated oval frame below

    Mark, stamped: 346

    Condition: four fold lines; substantial brown discolouration to both sides

  • Scale: not stated. Not to scale.

    21.3 x 34.9 cm (image and neatline)

    23.4 x 37.4 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Die unterm 3.e und 4e Sept. zu Nacht / über den Rhein tentirte Passage. / [below panel:] 4. Sept. 1743. [top right, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [bottom right, in rectangular panel, a key, a-c, D, e-g, H, to the Austrian bridge, French fortifications, batteries and camps.]


    George III heading: Passage of the Rhine at Old Brisach 4 Sept.r 1743.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom right, red pencil:] 7/113 [the ‘113’ is struck through in black pencil]; [bottom right, black pencil, partly erased:] IX/[43]; [top left, black pencil, erased:] IX/[43].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Brisach Die untern 3 und 4 Sept. 1743 zu nacht uber den Rhein (bey Alt Brisach) tentirte passage. drawn. [The same entry appears under the heading Rhine.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)


  • Subject(s)

    Breisach am Rhein, Baden-Württemburg, Germany (48°01'58"N 07°34'58"E)

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