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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Daniel Paterson (d. 1749)

Earthworks on St Peter's Hill, 1747 c.1747

Pencil on paper | Scale: 1:1,300 approx. | RCIN 730158.c

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A sketch of the proposed line at St Peter's Hill near Maastricht, 1747. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with west to top.

This plan appears to be part of the compilation materials used for Daniel Paterson's fair drawing of the area at RCIN 730159. It shows the southern end of the intrenched line, just south of Lichtenberg Castle, whose gardens or cultivated fields, surrounded by hedgerows, are to the south of the buildings. Within the line are a number of pits which probably represent lime or chalk pits (a large quarry occupies the site immediately south of the line today). To the west of the line, under cover of existing hedgrows, are the 'covering parties', affording protection while the intrenchments were being constructed.

One of eight sketches of the line and encampment on the west bank of the Maas which was part of the Allied army encampments which were made to the south and east of Maastricht after the Battle of Lafelt (2 July 1747), and while the siege of Bergen op Zoom (14 July-18 September 1747) was being conducted. The geographical relationship between the camp at St Peter's Hill and the rest of the army is shown on RCIN 730142. See RCINs 730158.a-h.

All formerly contained in a rough greenish-buff paper folder: 54.4 x 31.0 cm [folded]. The George III heading is written on the front of the folder, together with an ink inscription: No. 671-678; and a black pencil note in a modern hand: (a-h) Nov '86 CMB [i.e. 1986].

  • Daniel Paterson (d. 1749) (surveyor and draughtsman) [bottom right, signed:] Dan: Paterson.

  • Watermark: None

    Mark, stamped: 673

    Condition: one fold line

  • Scale: 1:1,300 approx. Scale bar: Scale for the Plan [35 mm =] 50 yards.

    26.4 x 37.0 cm (image and sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    No title


    [top, right of centre:] Profil.


    George III heading: S.t Peter's Hill 1747.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top right, trimmed: ] [?n.]; [top, right of centre, black pencil, erased:] SPeter’s Hill; [bottom, right of centre, black pencil, erased:] VII/34 [and] XIII/[i], [h].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Peter's Hill, S.t Eight drawn Sketches of the Works on S.t Peter's Hill near Maestricht in 1747: by Dan.l Paterson and W.m Eyres

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)


  • Subject(s)

    Maastricht, Limburg, Netherlands (50°50'54"N 05°41'20"E)

    Sint Pietersberg, Limburg, Netherlands (50°49'15"N 05°41'08"E)

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