Mobile menu
Welcome back to the royal residences. Find out more about our measures to keep you safe.

Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Johann Carl Treu (active 1744-6)

Encampment at Mosbach, 1745

PLAN / du Camp et des environs, qu'un detachement / de l'armée alliées sous les ordres du Lieut: / General de Sommerfeldt, occupa le 26me d'Aoust / 1745, dans le Voisinage de Mosbach c.1745

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: 1:15,200 approx. | RCIN 729151

Your share link is...


A map of the encampment of the Allied army (Austrian, Hanoverian and Dutch) at Mosbach, 26 August 1745. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south-west to top (compass rose).

A charming vignette, bottom left, typical of Johann Treu's work, shows soldiers around a camp fire. The troop rectangles are coloured according to nationality: Hanoverian (red), Austrian (blue) and Dutch (yellow). The encampment is shown to the east of Bibrich (Biebrich 50°03'00"N 08°15'00"E) and to the south of the little village of Mosbach, which now appears to be a suburb of Biebrich. A part of Mainz is shown, connected across the Rhine by a bridge to Cassel (Kastel 50°00'31"N 08°16'55"E), at which there is a bridgehead fortification.

  • Johann Carl Treu (active 1744-6) (surveyor and draughtsman) [bottom right of title panel:] Jean Charl Treu / Levé et Desig:

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 480

    Condition: six fold lines; formerly folded to 13.8 x 9.0 cm; two small tears: left margin and bottom margin. Verso: induced discolouration

  • Scale: 1:15,200 approx. Scale bar: [80 mm =] 1500 Pas.

    34.8 x 32.7 cm (neatline)

    36.6 x 33.0 cm (image)

    8.5 x 36.4 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / du Camp et des environs, qu'un detachement / de l'armée alliées sous les ordres du Lieut: / General de Sommerfeldt, occupa le 26me d'Aoust / 1745, dans le Voisinage de Mosbach. [top left, in rectangular panel]

    Manuscript title:

    Litt C.

    Additional text:

    [bottom left, a key A-I, K, to the locations of demolished French works, boat bridges, a bridgehead fortification begun by the French and augmented by the Allies, lines, batteries and encampments, together with a summary of the Dutch, Hanoverian, and Austrian men and batteries and the number of artillery pieces, and an explanation of the colours used to distinguish the troops.] 


    George III heading: Encampment at Mosbach 26 Aug.t 1745.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom left, black pencil:] X/90-b

    George III catalogue entry:

    Mosbach Plan dessiné du Camp et des Environs qu'un detachement de l'Armée Alliée sous les ordres du Lieut. Gen. de Sommerfeldt occupa le 26 Aout 1745, a Mosbach pres de Mayence: par I.C. Treu. [The same entry appears under the heading Encampment.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)


  • Subject(s)

    Mosbach, Hesse, Germany (50°03'01"N 08°14'54"E)

Page revisions