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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Johann Carl Treu (active 1744-6)

Encampment at Mosbach, 1745

PLAN / du Camp et des environs, qu'un detachement / de l'armée alliées sous les ordres du Lieut: / General de Sommerfeldt, occupa le 26me d'Aoust / 1745, dans le Voisinage de Mosbach c.1745

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: 1:15,200 approx. | RCIN 729151

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A map of the encampment of the Allied army (Austrian, Hanoverian and Dutch) at Mosbach, 26 August 1745. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south-west to top (compass rose).

A charming vignette, bottom left, typical of Johann Treu's work, shows soldiers around a camp fire. The troop rectangles are coloured according to nationality: Hanoverian (red), Austrian (blue) and Dutch (yellow). The encampment is shown to the east of Bibrich (Biebrich 50°03'00"N 08°15'00"E) and to the south of the little village of Mosbach, which now appears to be a suburb of Biebrich. A part of Mainz is shown, connected across the Rhine by a bridge to Cassel (Kastel 50°00'31"N 08°16'55"E), at which there is a bridgehead fortification.

  • Johann Carl Treu (active 1744-6) (surveyor and draughtsman) [bottom right of title panel:] Jean Charl Treu / Levé et Desig:

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 480

    Condition: six fold lines; formerly folded to 13.8 x 9.0 cm; two small tears: left margin and bottom margin. Verso: induced discolouration

  • Scale: 1:15,200 approx. Scale bar: [80 mm =] 1500 Pas.

    34.8 x 32.7 cm (neatline)

    36.6 x 33.0 cm (image)

    8.5 x 36.4 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / du Camp et des environs, qu'un detachement / de l'armée alliées sous les ordres du Lieut: / General de Sommerfeldt, occupa le 26me d'Aoust / 1745, dans le Voisinage de Mosbach. [top left, in rectangular panel]

    Manuscript title:

    Litt C.

    Additional text:

    [bottom left, a key A-I, K, to the locations of demolished French works, boat bridges, a bridgehead fortification begun by the French and augmented by the Allies, lines, batteries and encampments, together with a summary of the Dutch, Hanoverian, and Austrian men and batteries and the number of artillery pieces, and an explanation of the colours used to distinguish the troops.] 

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment at Mosbach 26 Aug.t 1745.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom left, black pencil:] X/90-b

    George III catalogue entry:

    Mosbach Plan dessiné du Camp et des Environs qu'un detachement de l'Armée Alliée sous les ordres du Lieut. Gen. de Sommerfeldt occupa le 26 Aout 1745, a Mosbach pres de Mayence: par I.C. Treu. [The same entry appears under the heading Encampment.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Mosbach, Hesse, Germany (50°03'01"N 08°14'54"E)

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