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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Daniel Paterson (d. 1749)

Encampment at Westmalle, 1747

PLAN / of the / ENCAMPMENt. / of the / ALLIED ARMY / at / WESTMALLE. / Aprile ye 17th 1747 / To May 14: / by D. Paterson c.1747

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on linen (two pieces, sewn together) | Scale: 1:19,600 approx. | RCIN 730100

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A map of the encampment of the Allied army at Westmalle, 1747. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south-west to top (compass rose).

The principal types of land use are distinguished: cultivated land shown by brown and white stripes; meadowland: pale greenish yellow wash; rough heathland with morass: the remainder. The regiments are coloured according to nationality: British (red); Austrians (blue-green); Dutch (orange); Hanoverians (yellow), and Hessians (light blue). Every regiment is named in the key.

The attribution of the rank of Lieutenant to the draughtsman by the Royal Librarian is probably based on the alteration of rank-titles in the Engineers which were altered in 1782 to make them compatible with the non-Board of Ordnance army. Practitioner Engineers were renamed ‘2nd Lieutenants’. (I am grateful to Dr John Houlding for this explanation.)

  • Daniel Paterson (d. 1749) (surveyor and draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 594

    Condition: no fold lines; laid down on linen, then trimmed and corners rounded; induced discolouration on verso. Verso: top left, water-stained patch and shadow from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:19,600 approx. Scale bar: Scale of yards [28 mm =] 600.

    15.5 x 48.0 cm (neatline)

    21.7 x 48.4 cm (image)

    27.4 x 51.6 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / of the / ENCAMPMENt. / of the / ALLIED ARMY / at / WESTMALLE. / Aprile ye 17th 1747 / To May 14: / by D. Paterson.

    Additional text:

    [bottom, below map, to each side of the title in rectangular panel, a key, 1-123, to the names of the encamped regiments.]


    George III heading: Encampment at Westmalle 27 April - 14 May 1747.

    Other inscriptions: (Recto) [After the date 'April 17' in the title, the date ‘To May 14:’ has been added in another hand, possibly that of Schultz, or Mason.] (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, ink or black pencil, in Schultz's hand?, obscured by linen:] Westmael April 27 1747; [bottom left, black pencil:] 10; [top right, ink, crossed out in red pencil, obscured by white paper strip:] Westmael; [centre, red pencil:] 10. [bottom centre, below map]

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampment A drawn Plan of the Encampment of the Allied Army at Westmalle near Antwerp, from the of April to the of May 1747: by Lieut. D. Paterson Eng.r [The same entry appears under the heading Westmalle.]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)


  • Subject(s)

    Westmalle (Flanders, Belgium) 51°17'51"N 04°41'24"E

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