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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

William Hall (active 1745-9)

Encampment at Westmalle, 1747

Plan / of the / Encampment / of the / Allied Army / at Westmalle / May 2.d 1747. / O:S:: c.1747

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on two pieces of linen sewn together | Scale: 1:19,900 approx. | RCIN 730102

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A map of the encampment of the Allied army at Westmalle, 2 May 1747. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south-west to top (compass rose).

The regimental rectangles are coloured according to nationality: British (red); Hanoverians (light yellow); Austrian (green); Dutch (dark yellow/orange); Hessian (pale blue). The Bavarians appear to be the five regiments coloured in dark yellow lying to the left of the Bavarian artillery which is marked by the letter ‘D’ on RCIN 730101. The position of the detached units of the Grand Guards, to the south of the main encampments, is indicated by small empty, uncoloured rectangles. These should be marked with a lower case ‘a’ according to the key.

  • William Hall (active 1745-9) (surveyor and draughtsman) [bottom right, following on from title, in title cartouche:] by W: Hall.

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, the letters VDL below

    Mark, stamped: 596

    Condition: four fold lines; laid down on linen and then trimmed and edges rounded; surface dirt on left and right edges of recto. Verso: surface dirt on left edge; induced discolouration; top left, water-stained patch and shadow from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:19,900 approx. Scale bar: [46 mm =] 100 [i.e. 1000] yards.

    21.0 x 50.5 cm (neatline)

    33.8 x 51.2 cm (image)

    36.2 x 53.9 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    Plan / of the / Encampment / of the / Allied Army / at Westmalle / May 2.d 1747. / O:S:: [bottom right, in rococo cartouche, embellished by the artefacts of war]

    Additional text:

    [bottom, below map, in plain rectangular panel, numerical keys to the names of the British, Hanoverian, Hessian, Bavarian, Dutch and Austrian cavalry and infantry regiments.]


    George III heading: Encampment at Westmalle 27 April - 14 May 1747.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top left, black pencil:] 89.; [bottom right, below title cartouche, ink, in Schultz's or Mason's hand:] From April 27: to May 14: 1747. N:S: (Verso) [bottom left, black pencil:] 8; [top right, ink, crossed out in red pencil, obscured by white paper strip:] Westmael; [bottom right, black pencil or ink, obscured by linen:] T; [centre, red pencil:] 8.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampment A drawn Plan of the Encampment of the Allied Army at Westmalle 2.d May O.S. 1747: by W. Hall Eng.[The same entry appears under the heading Westmalle]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)


  • Subject(s)

    Westmalle (Flanders, Belgium) 51°17'51"N 04°41'24"E

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