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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland


Fortifications of Maastricht and St Peter's Hill, 1747

Plan / Figurativ von dem Fort Saint Pier, und der Situation des Bergs nach / dem gesicht gemacht c.1747

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: not stated. 1:13,900 approx. | RCIN 730155

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A map of projected fortified lines of the Allied army at St Peter's Hill, July 1747. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with west to top.

This appears to be a sketch of a suggested line of field fortification for an encampment, made before the final design was adopted. The author makes clear that this projected design would need to be adapted to the terrain. The actual form of the fortified line is shown in RCINs 730153 and 730154, although it should be noted that there are small differences between them. The line and encampment shown here on the west bank of the Meuse were part of the Allied army encampments which were made to the south and east of Maastricht after the Battle of Lafelt (2 July 1747), and while the siege of Bergen op Zoom (14 July-18 September 1747) was being conducted. The geographical relationship between the camp at St Peter's Hill and the rest of the army is shown on RCIN 730142.

Colonel J. Steiger has probably signed this map as an indication of the authenticity of its content. Steiger also appears to have written the note, which appears above his signature. It is possible that the addition to the title of the words ‘und der Situation des Bergs nach dem gesicht gemacht’ are also in his hand. The map appears to have been drawn by another officer whose indecipherable signature is bottom right of the map.

  • Anonymous (draughtsman) [bottom left, signed:] J. Steiger / Colonel et / Ingr.
    [bottom right, indecipherable name] Lieutenant-Colonel, Engineers.

  • Watermark: Crossed keys in shield, with indistinct device above; countermark: I S H with a ?horn above the S

    Mark, stamped: 668

    Condition: two fold lines. Verso: foxing and induced discolouration

  • Scale: not stated. 1:13,900 approx.

    26.0 x 34.1 cm (image and neatline)

    30.6 x 39.6 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Plan / Figurativ von dem Fort Saint Pier, und der Situation des Bergs nach / dem gesicht gemacht. [top right, inside neatline]

    Additional text:

    [bottom left:] Die Projectirte Linie / zeigt nur die Idée / an, wie solche zu / machen were; wan / man solche aber auf / dem feld Trassirt / so mus der vortheil / des Terrains in anse,, / hen der Redants observiert werden.


    George III heading: S.Peter's Hill 1747.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top left, black pencil:] C; [top, following the original title, ink:] und der Situation des Bergs nach dem gesicht gemacht; [bottom right, ink: an indecipherable signature qualified by:] Ing: ober Lieut.; [bottom left, brown ink: a note on the projected lines]. (Verso) [top left, black pencil:] VII/34 [and] XIII/49-r; [top right, black pencil or ink, crossed out in red pencil, obscured by white paper strip:] St Peter's Hill.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Peter's Hill, St Plan figurativ von dem Fort Saint Pier und der Situation des Bergs nach dem gesicht gemacht, 1747: von J. Steiger Ing.r drawn.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)


  • Subject(s)

    Maastricht, Limburg, Netherlands (50°50'54"N 05°41'20"E)

    Sint Pietersberg, Limburg, Netherlands (50°49'15"N 05°41'08"E)

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