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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland


Order of battle, 1746, Low Countries

Ordre de Battaille / De l’Armée aliiée aux païs bas Sous les Ordres de / Son Altesse Royale Monseigneur le Duc Charles de Lorraine en Chef 1746 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on thin paper; some pricking through | 18.4 x 29.9 cm (image) | RCIN 730068

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An order of battle of the Allied army under the command of Prince Charles of Lorraine in the Low Countries in 1746. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48).

The regiments are distinguished by the colour of the coats and a sepately coloured bar underneath the rectangles distinguished the country of origin: red (British); yellow (Hanoverian); blue (Hessian); orange (Dutch); dashed red (Imperial).

This order of battle gives the same information, with a few variations in spelling, as RCINs 730065-7. The order of battle is in four lines, with the artillery placed between the second and third lines and behind the fourth line. The General Officers of the First Line are General Field Marshal Bathianÿ; Generals Sommerfelt, Daun, and Palffÿ; Lieutenant-Generals Ligonier, Prince de Hess, Druchtleben, Mercÿ, Przÿkovskÿ, Philibert; Major-Generals Rodes, Wallbron, Dallwig, Hammerstein, Howard, Wolff, Zastraw, Maidell, Ahrenberg, Haller, Lillers, Sincere, Gemmingen, Puebla, Bournonville, Spada; Brigadiers Bligh, Vreden, Duglas, Borch, Block.

The General Officers of the Second Line are General Gaisrugg; Lieutenant-Generals Ligonier, Monsbach, Grüne, Hollÿ; Major-Generals Craffurd, Isenburg, Montigni, Howard, Klinckenstrom, Bourghause, Betlhem, Uÿvarÿ, Arberg, Elberfelt, Durlach, Winckelman, Rudicati; Brigadiers Adelipsen, Duglas, Spörcken.

The General Officers of the Third Line are Le Prince de Walldeck en Chef; General de Cavallerie Prince Birckenfelt; Lieutenant-Generals Coenders, Smissaert, Schwartzenberg; Major-Generals Matha, Linden, Villates, Wieth, Schack; Brigadiers Schaegen, Elias, Rode, Hoeuf d’ Oyen.

The General Officers of the Fourth Line are Lieutenant-Generals La Lippe, Aylva; Major-Generals Glinstra, Veltmann, Cannebourg; Brigadiers Vrÿbergen, Hiemstra, Grotenraÿ, Schlippenbach.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: The letters H R

    Mark, stamped: 563

    Condition: four fold lines; fold lines worn; small tear to right of central horizontal fold; top right corner cut of diagonally. Verso: surface dirt on fold lines; induced discolouration

  • 18.2 x 29.6 cm (neatline)

    18.4 x 29.9 cm (image)

    19.7 x 31.1 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Ordre de Battaille / De l’Armée aliiée aux païs bas Sous les Ordres de / Son Altesse Royale Monseigneur le Duc Charles de Lorraine en Chef. [top centre, inside neatline]


    George III heading: Order of Battle 1746.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top left, red pencil:] 10/9; [top left, black pencil:] XI/[?61]; [top right, black pencil, erased: Order of Battle].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Order of Battle Ordre de Bataille de l’Armée Alliée aux Pais Bas sous les ordres du Duc Charles de Lorraine en 1746. MS.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)


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