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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Richard Dudgeon (active 1748-d.1766)

Roermond and Hellenrouck, 1748

A SURVEY / of the ENCAMPMENT at HELLENROUCK / with Part of the Rivers MAESE and ROER and / Country adjacent c.1748

Pencil, ink and watercolour on four sheets of paper, joined; laid down on four pieces of linen, stitched together | Scale: 1:14,400. | RCIN 731015

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A map of the encampment of the Allied army at Hellenrouck, 1748. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with north-west to top (compass rose). 

This survey, which was undertaken by six young engineers, covers an area extending from Venlo (51°22'12"N 06°10'05"E) in the north-east to Roermond in the south-west. The western boundary is formed by the River Meuse, and the southern boundary by the River Roer. What appears to be the fair copy of the original survey is at RCIN 731014; this is another copy of the survey. Although it is neatly drawn, it shows far less micro-topographical detail such as variations in ground level and surface quality and would not have been as useful for reading the landscape as the copy at RCIN 731014.

  • Richard Dudgeon (active 1748-d.1766) (draughtsman) [bottom right, inside neatline:] Richd Dudgeon 1748.

    ? James Bramham (d. 1786) (surveyor)

    ? George Morrison (1703/4?–99) (surveyor)

    ? Hugh Debbieg (1731-1810) (surveyor)

    ? William Bontein (active 1747-d.October 1760) (surveyor)

    ? John Baugh (active 1748) (surveyor)

    ? John Archer (d. 1799) (surveyor)

  • Watermark: None visible; obscured by linen backing

    Condition: two fold lines; 4.2 cm tear to bottom of right fold line; surface dirt; some foxing

  • Scale: 1:14,400. Scale bar: Scale 400 Yards to an Inch.

    69.4 x 179.6 cm (image and neatline)

    69.9 x 180.0 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    A SURVEY / of the ENCAMPMENT at HELLENROUCK / with Part of the Rivers MAESE and ROER and / Country adjacent. [bottom centre, in rectangular panel]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: [bottom left, black pencil:] XI/15 Military.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [bottom left, black pencil:] XI/15 Military. (Verso) [top left, ink:] Encampment at Hellenrouck. [bottom left, ink:] Flanders. [bottom, left of centre, a red printed Royal Library label with ‘XI/15’ written in red felt tip pen; [top right, embroidered on linen with red thread, cropped:] 9 [and] N.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Hellenrouck A drawn Survey of the Encampment at Hellenrouck in 1748; with part of the Rivers Maese and Roer and country adjacent: by Rich.d Dudgeon, 1748. 4 sheets. [The same entry appears under the heading Encampment.]

    K. Mil. dummy sheet:

    Title [ink:] A drawn Survey of the Encampment at Hellenrouck, with part of the Rivers Maese / and Roer and Country adjacent: by Richd Dudgeon. 4 sheets / A Roll … [black pencil:] 5 Table 2.d / [black pencil, in a modern hand:] Big: sep. sequence / old heading [red ink:] Encampment at Hellenrouck 19 April – 12 May 1748 / 
    Watermark: fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, the letter W below. 
    Size: 47.1 x 32.8 cm (sheet).

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Roermond, Limburg, Netherlands (51°11'39"N 05°59'15"E)

    Hillenraed Castle, Limburg, Netherlands (51°13'18"N 06°02'03"E)

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