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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

? George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49)

Siege of Bergen op Zoom, 1747 c.1747

Pencil, pen, brown and black ink and watercolour on thin paper | Scale: not stated. 1:8,700 approx. | RCIN 730151.s

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A sketch of the French attack on Bergen op Zoom, 1747. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south-east to top.

The town of Bergen op Zoom, fortified by Baron Menno van Coehoorn (1641-1704; Dutch military engineer) and garrisoned under the command of General Isaac Cronström (1661-1752; a Swedish officer serving as General in Chief of the Dutch army), was besieged by the French army under the command of General Count Ulrich Löwendahl (1700-55; a German-born Danish officer serving in the French army), from 14 July to 18 September, when the fortified town was taken by the French.

One of a collection of 24 plans and sketches of the fortifications of Bergen op Zoom, showing various stages of the siege of 1747, by James Abercrombie, Charles Bisset, Dugal Campbell, and J.P. Isenbart and other anonymous draughtsmen. See RCINs 730151.a-x (j and v not included).

  • ? George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Horn in crowned shield, a bell with three small circles and C & I HONIG below

    Mark, stamped: 661

    Condition: one fold line; induced discolouration on verso

  • Scale: not stated. 1:8,700 approx.

    32.0 x 46.2 cm (image)

    36.7 x 46.8 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    No title

    Inset:

    [bottom right, a large-scale plan of the Pucelle and Coehoorn bastions with the French attacks on the Utrecht and Zeeland lunettes and Diedem ravelin. Scale: 1:2,100 approx. Size: 11,9 x 19,5 cm (image).

    Additional text:

    [bottom left, a key, A-I, K-T, V-Z, to the names of the bastions, ravelins, etc., and smaller forts, and the French camp, followed by an explanation of the colours used.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Bergen op Zoom 1747.

    Other inscriptions: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top right, black pencil, partly encircled, in Schultz's or Mason's hand?:] 19; [bottom, right of centre, beneath old heading numbers, black pencil:] VII/43 [and] XIII/60[?].

    George III catalogue:

    Bergen op Zoom Drawn Sketch of the attacks of Bergen op Zoom.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Bergen op Zoom, North Brabant, Netherlands (51°29'42"N 04°17'30"E)

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