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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Johann Carl Treu (active 1744-6)

Stockstadt, 1745

PLAN / du Tête du pont que le G:M: Lannoÿ / fit Construire par son Detachement dans / le Voisinage de Stockstadt 1745 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: not stated | RCIN 729150

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A large-scale plan of a small fortification on the banks of the Rhine near Stockstadt, 1745. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with west to top.

This area of the Rhine has changed so greatly, the river having been straightened, that it is not possible to pinpoint the exact location of the bridgehead. It lies on the west bank of the old Rhine, east of Gembsheim (Gimbsheim, Rhineland-Palatinate 49°46'40"N 08°22'30"E). Although the small fortification is described as a bridgehead, no bridge is shown. Major-General Lannoy, the constructor of the fortification, was an officer in the Dutch army.

  • Johann Carl Treu (active 1744-6) (draughtsman) [bottom right of title panel:] J.C. Treu.

  • Watermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 479

    Condition: four fold lines; trimmed. Verso: induced discolouration

  • Scale: not stated

    19.9 x 30.8 cm (neatline)

    21.4 x 31.0 cm (image)

    22.8 x 33.6 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / du Tête du pont que le G:M: Lannoÿ / fit Construire par son Detachement dans / le Voisinage de Stockstadt. [top right, in rectangular panel]

    Manuscript title:

    Litt: B. [top centre, outside border]

    Additional text:

    [top right, below title in title panel, a key, A-E, to the location of the bridgehead, the sluice for flooding the grasslands, the abbatis along the Rhine embankment, and the intrenchments for the defence of the island.]

    Inset:

    [bottom left, a trompe l'oeil representation of a map on a torn, curled sheet of paper:] Petit Plan / qui designe tous / les environs de / Stockstadt. Size: 7.7 x 7.2 cm (neatline).

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Stockstadt 1745.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [bottom left, black pencil:] near Worms; [bottom right, black pencil:] X/95. (Verso) [top left, black pencil:] X/95.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Stockstadt Plan dessiné du Tete du Pont que le G.M. Lannoy fit construire dans le voisinage de Stockstadt, 1745: par. I.C. Treu.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Stockstadt am Rhein, Hesse, Germany (49°48'33"N 08°28'22"E)

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