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The Rhine and Moselle rivers and parts of Italy

Anonymous

Rivenich, the Moselle and the Battle of Klausen, 1735 1735 or later

Pencil, pen and ink, and grey wash on paper; laid down on coarse linen | Scale: not stated. 1:17,000 approx. | RCIN 727077

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A map of the Battle of Klausen, fought on 20 October between the Imperial army commanded by General Friedrich Heinrich Reichsgraf von Seckendorff (1673-1763), and the French, commanded by Marshal François de Franquetot de Coigny (1670-1759), resulting in an Imperial victory. War of the Polish Succession (1733-8). Oriented with north-north-east to top (compass rose).

The draughtsman of this map has used painterly skills to represent the terrain which, around the heights of Klausen, overlooking the Salm and the villages of Esch and Rivenich, were particularly difficult. This map shows the final stages of the battle, and the spot where Count Nassau was killed, apparently by French Chasseurs who were armed with ‘rifled Pieces’ (see the additional text on RCIN 727076). The villages of Heizrodt (Hetzrath 49°53ʹ00ʺN 06°49ʹ00ʺE) and Esch (49°54ʹ00ʺN 06°51ʹ00ʺN), as well as the abbey at Clausen (Klausen) are depicted in a pictorial medium oblique view, which, together with the figures of Marshal Seckendorff and his aides on the hill south of Rivenich, bring the scene to life.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys

    Mark, stamped: 257

    Condition: no fold lines; slight brown discolouration

  • Scale: not stated. 1:17,000 approx.

    26.6 x 32.7 cm (neatline)

    28.9 x 43.6 cm (image)

    33.1 x 45.0 cm (sheet) (whole object)

  • Manuscript title:

    No title

    Additional text:

    [down left side of map, a key, 1-22, to the places, troops, and troop movements during the battle.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Battle of Ruvenick 20 Oct.r 1735.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top, right of centre, black pencil, very faint:] 20 Octr [top right, black pencil:] 1735. (Verso) [top left, red pencil:] 6/68; [ink over black pencil:] VII [/] 77; [top right, ink, obscured by white paper strip:] [?1/3 and:] Rivenick.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Ruvenick A drawn Plan of the Battle of Ruvenick between the French and Imperialists, the 20.th of Oct.r 1735.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Rivenich, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany (49°53ʹ00ʺN 06°51ʹ00ʺE)

    Klausen, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany (49°54ʹ00ʺN 06°52ʹ00ʺE)