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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands

Anonymous

Bouchain, Douai, Marciennes, St Amand and Valenciennes, 1711

CARTE, / von der Situation Bouchain / Cambraÿ, Valentienne, Saint / Amant, Marchienne Arleux / und Lecluse, worinne beson / ders die belagerung von Dovaÿ / und Bouchain mit allen... 1711 or later

Pen, ink and watercolour on paper; gilt edges left, bottom and right | Scale: not stated. 1:69,000 approx. | RCIN 726041

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A map of the siege of Bouchain, 6 August-13 September 1711, by the Allied army (Great Britain, Dutch Republic, Austria), commanded by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), resulting in the surrender of the town by the French, commanded by Marshal Claude Louis Hector de Villars (1643-1734); and also of the siege of Douai, besieged by Marlborough and the Allied army from 23 April to its capitulation on 26 June 1710. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with south-east to top.

The map shows the lines of circumvallation, the encampments of the Allied and French armies, the field works and lines and march routes of the Allied and French armies. Many settlements are named.

This plan appears to have been removed from a volume of manuscript maps and plans of sieges. Other maps, perhaps in a different hand but, apparently from the same volume, are scattered throughout the collection: RCINs [724061], [724090], 725007, 725009, 725011, 725013, 725021, 725023, 725027, 725030, 725032, 725041, [725044], 725045, 725047, [725055], 725074, 725087, 725098, 726007, 726014, 726022, 726045, 726053, 726065, 726073, 726080, 726086, 726090, 727004, 727007, 727011, 727013, 727014.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Crown above a fleur-de-lys in shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters WR below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 130

    Condition: one fold line, torn at bottom. Verso: remains of guard; induced discolouration; pin marks in each corner; some foxing

  • Scale: not stated. 1:69,000 approx.

    49.0 x 69.3 cm (image and neatline)

    52.8 x 69.8 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    CARTE, / von der Situation Bouchain / Cambraÿ, Valentienne, Saint / Amant, Marchienne Arleux / und Lecluse, worinne beson / ders die belagerung von Dovaÿ / und Bouchain mit allen / ihren retrenchementen / accurat vorgestellet / worden. [top right, in cartouche representing a scroll]

    Additional text:

    [top left, in cartouche representing draped, fringed cloth with tasselled cords, an account of the sieges of Bouchain and Douai, with the principal features identified with a key, A-I, K-U, W:] JOURNAL VON DER BELAGERUNG = DOVAY, UND BOUCHAIN.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Bouchain and Douay 1710.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, ink:] 85. (Verso) [top right, red pencil:] 1710; [top right, ink:] 85; [bottom, right of centre, red pencil:] 5/51; [bottom, right of centre, black pencil, erased:] VI/[?].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Bouchain Carte von der Situation Bouchain, Cambray, Valenciennes, S.t Amant, Marchienne, Arleux und Lecluse; worinne besonders die Belagerung von Douay und Bouchain, mit allen ihren Retranchementen accurat vorgestellet worden, 1710. drawn. [The same entry appears under the heading Douay.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Bouchain, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France (50°17'06"N 03°18'53"E)

    Douai, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France (50°22'00"N 03°04'00"E)

    Saint-Amand-les-Eaux, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France (50°26'49"N 03°25'50"E)

    Valenciennes, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France (50°21'00"N 03°32'00"E)