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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands

T. Nicolotti (active 1701-07)

Chiari, 1701

ORDINANZA / Dell Essercito Imperiale nel Combattimento di / Chiari il di p:o 7bre i70i, in cui fú con gran furore assa= / lito da Francesi, ma incontrando nell impareg= / giabil condotta del Serenissimo Prencipe / EVGENIO DI SAVOYA... 1701 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on two sheets of paper, joined; some pricking through; an unevenly shaped piece of paper is let in to the left half of the map | Scale: 1:19,000 approx. | RCIN 725005

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A map of the dispositions of the Habsburg and French armies before the Battle of Chiari fought on 1 September 1701 between the Austrians (Habsburg Empire), commanded by Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663-1736) and the French, commanded by François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi (1644-1730), resulting in an Austrian victory. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with south-south-east to top (cardinal points)

This map has the appearance of having been surveyed, at the command of Prince Eugene, on the spot by Nicolotti who may have been a member of the Habsburg army. All the Austrian regiments are named and very few French units are identified. Cultivated fields are indicated by parallel lines, boundary trees are drawn, and vineyards are represented by rows of upright lines with an ‘S’ curling round them.

The encamped regiments of the Austrians are shown in a grey wash; cavalry are distinguished by short lines, representing horses, at right angles to the main grey rectangles. The regiments which took part on the battle are drawn in red.

A cartouche, bottom right, is decorated with the artefacts of war, to the left: three standards, the central standard perhaps bearing the colours of Villeroi, the right standard that of Eugene of Savoy, gabions, cannon, cannon balls, powder barrels, hammer, pick-axe and spade; to the right: drums, pike, mortar and mortar tools including (top to bottom) a scoop for measuring powder, a rammer, a brush, and a 'worm' (for removing ammunition after a misfire), three mortar 'bombs' or balls with their lifting rings clearly shown.

  • T. Nicolotti (active 1701-07) (cartographer)[bottom centre:] Per commando di S.A.S.ma / T: Nicolotti f.
  • Watermark: P [heart] P in a cartouche; countermark: a bunch of grapes

    Mark, stamped; 61

    Condition: two fold lines; foxing. Verso, bottom, right of centre: water-stained patch, shadow and ghosting from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:19,000 approx. Scale bar: Scala di 500 Passi andanti [39 mm =].

    47.6 x 71.1 cm (neatline)

    48.2 x 71.7 cm (image)

    48.6 x 72.1 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    ORDINANZA / Dell Essercito Imperiale nel Combattimento di / Chiari il di p:<sup>o</sup> 7bre i70i, in cui f&uacute; con gran furore assa= / lito da Francesi, ma incontrando nell impareg= / giabil condotta del Serenissimo Prencipe / EVGENIO DI SAVOYA / Supremo Commandante, e nel valore Alle = / = mano insuperabile resistenza furono con / gran Strage respinti, e costretti ad una / ritirata disordinata e confusa, con / perdita tra morti et feriti di pi&uacute; di 3000 / d&eacute;loro, 300 Vfficiali, 4 Bandiere, et ab= / = bandono de loro morti, e feriti, raccolti poscia / sepelliti, ocurati per ordine, e benignit&aacute; del / Principe Vincitore. [bottom centre, in cartouche representing an unfurled flag]

    Additional text:

    [bottom centre, in a cartouche:] DICHIARAZIONE [a key, A-I, to the principal locations, and the symbols representing cavalry commanders and three Austrian regiments.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Order of the Battle of Chiari 1 September 1701.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top right, black pencil:] Italy A.4; [bottom right, black pencil:] 6; [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] chiari Sep[?] 1701; [bottom, left of centre, black pencil, crossed out in black pencil:] 118.; [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] 6; [right centre, red pencil:] 2.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Chiari Ordinanza dell' Essercito Imperiale nel Combattimento di Chiari il di 1o Settembre 1701, da T. Nicolotti. 2 foglie. drawn. [The same entry appears under the heading Order of Battle.]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Chiari, Lombardy, Italy (45°32'09"N 09°55'49"E)