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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands

Anonymous

Encampment at Douai, 1710

PLAN / of the Encampment of the / Armey of the Allies between / Vitiry and Henninlietard the 25. of May. / 1710 1710 or later

Pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on coarse linen | Scale: 1:18,400 approx. | RCIN 726050

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A map of the encampments of the Allied army (Great Britain, Dutch Republic, Austria) at the siege of Douai, 23 April to 26 June 1710, by the Allied army, commanded by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), resulting in the surrender of the town by the French. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with west to top.

The map shows the area to the west and north-west of Douai with part of the line of circumvallation, and the infantry encampments (marked in red) in one line and the cavalry (yellow) in two lines. Named villages include Vitry (Vitry-en-Artois 50°19"35"N 02°58"47"E), Berbierres (Brebières 50°20'00"N 03°01'00"E), Querry (Quiéry-la-Motte 50°21'57"N 02°58'41"E) where Marlborough had his headquarters, Beaumont (50°23'23"N 02°58'12"E), Henninlietard (Hénin-Beaumont 50°24'48"N 25°57'53"E).

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Crown above fleur-de-lys in shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters WR below; countermark: IHS / IVILLEDARY

    Mark, stamped: 135

    Condition: one fold line. Verso: repaired along fold with paper strip before being laid down on linen; central fold cracked - may be two pieces of paper joined, not easy to see, but watermarks may prove this point; bottom, right of centre, water-stained patch from the removal of cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:18,400 approx. Scale bar: Toises [53 mm = 500].

    42.3 x 72.2 cm (neatline)

    42.7 x 72.6 cm (image)

    45.3 x 74.4 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN / of the Encampment of the / Armey of the Allies between / Vitiry and Henninlietard the 25. of May. / 1710. [bottom right, in rococo cartouche]

    Annotations:

    George III heading [on white paper strip pasted to verso:] Encampment near Douay 25 May 1710.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top left, black pencil:] 91 [or 16]; [top right, ink, crossed out in black pencil:] 29 [altered from 28 to 29]. (Verso) [top, right of centre, pencil, obscured by white paper strip:] Douay; [top right, black pencil:] 91 [or 16]; [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] 85; [right centre, red pencil:] 85; [top left, ink, obscured by linen backing:] B.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Douay A drawn Plan of the Encampment of the Army of the Allies between Vitry and Henninlietard near Douay, the 25th of May 1710.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Douai, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France (50°22'00"N 03°04'00"E)