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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands


Encampment near Neerijse and Hoeilaart, 1705

Les Environs de la Riviere d’Ysche depuis / Hoelar jusqu’au Village de Neer=Ysche / Avec le Mouvement de l’Armée des Alliez / pour passer la Riviere d’Ysche / Comme aussi le Plan du Camp des Ennemys... 1705 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on coarse linen | Scale: not stated. 1:25,000 approx. | RCIN 725053

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A map of the encampments of the French and Spanish armies and showing the movements of the Allied army when crossing the River IJse on 18 August 1705. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with north-west to top.

The important topographical features such as settlements, rivers, woods, relief and roads are shown in detail. Three categories of road can be distinguished: running through cuttings, bounded by hedges, or open or unfenced. Such information was an essential component of topographical intelligence. It is possible that this map is a later copy, made during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), of an earlier map. Both wars were waged over part of the same territories and the earlier maps would have been invaluable for planning encampment locations.

The encampment ran through or near to the following settlements: Hulpen (La Hulpe 50°43'51"N 04°29'08"E), Genival (Genval 50°43'17"N 04°29'37"E), Chat. de Terveur (Tervuren 50°49'25"N 04°30'51"E), Over Ische (Overijse 50°46'27"N 04°32'04"E), Rosièrs (Rosières 50°43'51"N 04°32'41"E), Tombeek (50°45'20"N 04°34'09"E), Hoelberg (Huldenberg 50°47'21"N 04°34'59"E), Lombeeck (Loonbeek 50°48'33"N 04°36'34"E) and St Achtenroy (Sint-Agatha-Rode 50°47'09"N 04°37'51"E).

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: none visible

    Mark, stamped: 92

    Condition: six fold lines; very worn and torn along the folds and along the edges; repaired by paper strips pasted to the verso before being laid down on linen; abrasions to surface; pin holes along edges. Verso: right of centre, water-stained patch from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: not stated. 1:25,000 approx.

    44.2 x 70.8 cm (neatline)

    49.4 x 71.4 cm (image)

    51.2 x 73.2 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Les Environs de la Riviere d’Ysche depuis / Hoelar jusqu’au Village de Neer=Ysche / Avec le Mouvement de l’Armée des Alliez / pour passer la Riviere d’Ysche / Comme aussi le Plan du Camp des Ennemys / entre Over=Ysche et Neer=Ysche / le 18.e Août 1705. [top left, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [across bottom of map, in rectangular panel, a key, A-I, K-M, O-U, 4-11, to the marches of the first and second lines, and artillery of the Allied army, the French camps, the place where Marlborough reconnoitred near to Overijse while waiting for the army to form into order of battle and the results of the reconnaissance, followed by descriptions of the various attacks and movements of the armies:] EXPLICATION


    George III heading: Encampment on the River Ysche 18 August 1705.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top, along left edge, black pencil:] 29 July; [top left, black pencil:] 35. (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] 22; [top right, black pencil:] 35.; [right centre, red pencil:] 22; [top right, black pencil, obscured by linen:] 54 [and:] 36. [and:] 35 [and:] Tr; [top, right of centre, black pencil, obscured by linen, crossed out in black pencil:] 32 D; [top, right of centre, black pencil:] 21 [and:] 4.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampment Carte dessinée des Environs de la Riviere d'Ysche depuis Holaer jusqu'au Village de Neer Ysche; avec le Mouvement de l'Armée des Alliés pour passer la Riviere d'Ysche: comme aussi le Plan du Camp des Ennemis entre Over Ysche et Neer Ysche, le 18 d'Aout 1705. [The same entry occurs under the heading Ysche.]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)


  • Subject(s)

    Neerijse, Flanders, Belgium (50°49'02"N 04°37'25"E)

    Hoeilaart, Flanders, Belgium (50°46'02"N 04°28'06"E_