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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands

Captain Johann Conrad Füchs (active 1707)

Encampments near Buhl, Haguenau, Huningue, Landau, Weissenburg and the Rhine, 1702 and 1704

CARTE DE QUELQUES FORTRESSES SITUEES AU BORD DU RHIN DANS LA QUELLE SONT COMPRIS LES LIGNES IMPERLES DE BUHL, DE HAGENAU ET DE WEISSENBURG, AVEC LA... published 1707

Engraving, some etched lines; printed from two copperplates on two sheets of paper, joined | Scale: not stated. 1:180,000 approx. | RCIN 725014

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A map of the fortresses along the Rhine from Mainz in the north to Rheinfelden (south of Basle) in the south, also showing lines and encampments of the Imperial army at Buhl, Hagenau and Weissenburg, with the Battle of Huningue and the siege of Landau. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with west to top.

The Battle of Huningue, or Friedlingen, was fought on 13/14 October 1702 between the French, commanded by Marshal Claude Louis Hector, duc de Villars (1653-1734), and the Imperial (Holy Roman Empire) army, commanded by Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden (1655-1707), resulting in a French victory.

The principal fortified places shown on this map are Rheinfelden (Aargau, Switzerland 47°33'15"N 07°47'38"E); Altkirch (Alsace, France 47°37'00"N 07°15'00"E); Mulhouse (Alsace, France 47°45'00"N 07°20'00"E); Laufen (Basel-Landschaft, Switzerland 47°25'18"N 07°29'58"E); Strasbourg (Alsace, France 48°35'00"N 07°44'34"E); Philippsburg (Baden-Württemberg, Germany 49°13'54"N 08°27'38"E); Speyer (Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany 49°19'47"N 08°25'40"E); Heidelberg (Baden-Württemberg, Germany 49°24'27"N 08°41'26"E); Mannheim (Baden-Württemberg, Germany 49°29'48N 08°28'46E); Mainz (Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany 49°59'03"N 08°16'44"E).

The title appears in German, bottom left, in an ornate cartouche with, top the left, three female figures, including Minerva and perhaps Justitia and Venus, an angel blowing a horn and holding an olive branch top centre, and the figure of Hercules holding a mitre and pointing to the coat of arms suspending the order of the Golden Fleece, perhaps of Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor.

  • Captain Johann Conrad Füchs (active 1707) (cartographer)

    Jeremias Wolff (1663-1724) (publisher) [bottom left, below German title:] Alles mit sonderbahrem fleiss gezeichnet / von Johann Conrad Füchs, / Hochfürstl Öttingischen Landts Haŭbtmann. / Verlegt von Jeremia Wolff / Künsthandlern in Aŭgsbŭrg,. A.o i707. / Cum Priv. Sac. Cæs. Majest.

  • Watermark: Crown with indecipherable image below

    Condition: thirteen fold lines. Verso: remains of guard; surface dirt

  • Scale: not stated. 1:180,000 approx.

    52.5 x 143.0 cm (image)

    cropped (platemark)

    53.1 x 144.2 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    CARTE DE QUELQUES FORTRESSES SITUEES AU BORD DU RHIN DANS LA QUELLE SONT COMPRIS LES LIGNES IMPERLES DE BUHL, DE HAGENAU ET DE WEISSENBURG, AVEC LA BATAILLE DE HUNNINGUE, ET LE DERNIER SIEGE DE LANDAU. [in French, across top of the map, outside border]

    Printed title:

    Karter / Einiger an dem Ufer des Rheins / ligender Festüngen, / worbeÿ die Kajserl Bühler, Hagenaŭer / ŭnd Weissenbŭrger Linien, / Wie aŭch die Battaille beÿ Hünninge / ŭnd leste Glorieuse Belagerung Landau / angezeigt. [in German, bottom left, in an ornate cartouche with, top the left, three female figures, including Minerva and perhaps Justitia and Venus, an angel blowing a horn and holding an olive branch top centre, and the figure of Hercules holding a mitre and pointing to the coat of arms suspending the order of the Golden Fleece, perhaps of Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: The Rhine with the Battle of Huningue, 13 Oct. 1702, and Siege of Landau, taken 26 Nov.r 1704.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom left, red pencil:] 4/ [?]4.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Rhine Carte de quelques Fortresses situées au bord du Rhin dans laquelle sont compris les Lignes Imperiales de Buhl, de Hagenau et de Weissenburg: avec la Bataille de Hunningue (le 13 Oct.re 1702) et le dernier Siege de Landau (qui se rendit le 26 Nov.re 1704) par I.C. Fuchs, chez I. Wolff, 1707. 2 feuilles. [The same entry appears under the headings Huningue and Landau.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Buhl, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (48°41'48"N 08°08'06"E)

    Haguenau, Alsace, France (48°48'56"N 07°47'25"E)

    Huningue, Alsace, France (47°36'17"N 07°34'40"E)

    Landau, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany (49°11'54"N 08°07'00"E)

    Wissembourg, Alsace, France (49°02'13"N 07°56'43"E)