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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands

? Gabriel Delahaye (active 1689?-1723)

Order of battle of the French and Spanish armies, 1706

Ordre de Bataille de l’Armée des François et Espagnols, commandée / par Monsieur le Marechal Duc de Barwich 1706 or later

Pencil, pen ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on coarse linen | 32.8 x 45.2 cm (image) | RCIN 725058

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An order of battle of the French and Spanish armies under the command of Marshal James Fitzjames, Duke of Berwick upon Tweed (1670-1734) in Spain in 1706. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). The tentative attribution to G. de la Haye is made on stylistic grounds.

The Duke of Berwick had been appointed on 29 November 1703 to command the French troops sent by Louis XIV to assist the French king's grandson Philip V in Spain. Berwick had been made a Marshal of France in February 1706 and was sent back to Spain, arriving in Madrid in March.

The order of battle is in two lines. The General Officers of the First Line are Lieutenant-Generals Davré, S.t Gille, Labadie, Mons.r le Duc de Popoli; Major-Generals (Marechaux de Camp) Medinila, Vicentello, La Verre, Tilli; Brigadiers Sandriga, Cordova, Beauvais, Polastro, Silleri, Castillo, Charni, Ronquillo, Poco Blanco.

The General Officers of the Second Line are Lieutenant-Generals Mons.r le Duc d'Avré, Mons.r de Hessi, d'Asfeld; Major-Generals Mahoni, Ponse, Chevalier de Croix; Brigadiers Doce ville, Belporte, Rufo, Chaves, Duburdet, Avilla, Pourville.

A key to the colours and symbols used to distinguish between battalions, squadrons of horse (Cavallerie) and squadrons of dragoons, is given bottom right. The numbers of regiments in the battalions and troops in the squadrons is given against the individual regimental and squadron names.

The attribution to Gabriel Delahaye is made on stylistic grounds.

  • ? Gabriel Delahaye (active 1689?-1723) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys; countermark: G D G

    Mark, stamped; 95

    Condition: no fold lines; five punched holes along left edge; surface dirt along right edge

  • 32.8 x 45.2 cm (image)

    37.8 x 48.1 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Ordre de Bataille de l’Armée des François et Espagnols, commandée / par Monsieur le Marechal Duc de Barwich [across top]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Order of Battle 1706.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom left, ink, crossed out in red pencil, obscured by white paper strip:] Order of Battle; [bottom right, red pencil:] 4/66 [the 66 crossed out in black pencil]; [bottom right, black pencil:] V/65.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Order of Battle Ordre de Bataille de l'Armée des Francois et Espagnols commandée par le Marechal Duc de Barwich en 1706. MS.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    S. Handley, ‘Fitzjames, James, duke of Berwick upon Tweed (1670–1734)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004; online edn, May 2011