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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands

Pierre Mortier (1661-1711)

Sieges of Aire and Saint-Venant, 1710

PLAN DE LA VILLE D'AIRE et du Fort S.t François Ville Forte du Comté d'Artois située sur la Lis a trois Lieues de S. Omer, a trois et demy de / Bethune a huit de Hédin a dix d'Arras et a unze de Lille Il y... 1710 or later

Etching and engraving; printed on paper | Scale: 1:6,300 approx. | RCIN 726063

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A map of the siege of Aire, 6 September-9 November 1710, by the Allied army, commanded by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), resulting in the surrender of the fortress by the French. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with north-north-west to top (compass rose).

The date of 9 November for the surrender of the fortress is taken from Ostwald (2007), p.343.

Other commanders included Arnold Joost van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle (1670-1718) and Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (1676-1747), who commanded the Prussian troops.

This large-scale map shows the detail of the fortified walls with the attack parallels, zig-zags and batteries, and the immediate surroundings.

  • Pierre Mortier (1661-1711) (publisher) [top, following on from title:] A AMSTERDAM Chez PIERRE MORTIER. Avec Privilege.

  • Watermark: None

    Condition: one fold line. Verso: very mottled and stained brown; bottom, right of centre, water-stained patch, shadow and ghosting from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:6,300 approx. Scale bar: Echelle de deux Cent Toises [62 mm =].

    37.4 x 48.5 cm (neatline)

    39.5 x 49.2 cm (image)

    40.4 x 49.8 cm (platemark)

    45.0 x 54.7 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    PLAN DE LA VILLE D'AIRE et du Fort S.t François Ville Forte du Comté d'Artois située sur la Lis a trois Lieues de S. Omer, a trois et demy de / Bethune a huit de Hédin a dix d'Arras et a unze de Lille Il y a Bailliage. [top, above map]

    Additional text:

    [bottom right, in rectangular panel, a key, A-I, K-T, V, to religious buildings in the town and to named bastions, a fascine bridge and the flooded areas:] EXPLICATION.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Aire 6 Sept.r - 8 Nov.r 1710.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top right, black pencil:] 104.; [bottom right, ink:] B; [bottom right, black pencil, beneath previous inscription:] 8; [right centre, red pencil:] 97.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Aire Plan de la Ville d'Aire et du Fort S.t François, avec les attaques des Alliés en 1710; chez Mortier.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Aire-sur-la-Lys, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France (50°38'19"N 02°23'55"E)

    Saint-Venant, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France (50°37'10"N 02°32'22"W)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    J. Ostwald, Vauban under siege: engineering efficiency and martial vigor in the War of the Spanish Succession, Leiden 2007