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Contemporary maps and prints of the major battles and sieges from 1635 to 1658

Anonymous

Siege of Turin, 1640

Dissegno della Città e Cittadella di Torino, con li ripari, fortificationi, e / batterie fatte per parte dell Altezza del S.mo Prencipe Tomaso contro / Cittadella, et quelle fatte da francesi contro della Citta c.1640

Engraving; printed on paper; mounted on paper (Mount Type B); gilt edges top, right and bottom | Scale: not stated | RCIN 722149

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A high oblique view/map of Turin, defended by the Spanish under Diego Felipez de Guzmán, Marquis of Leganés (1580-1655) and Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano (21 December 1596-22 January 1656) and besieged from 22 May to 20 September by a French-Piedmontese army, commanded by Henri de Lorraine, Count of Harcourt (20 March 1601-25 July 1666), supported by Henri de la Tour d’Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne (11 September 1611-27 July 1675) resulting in the capitulation of the city on 20 September 1640. Franco-Spanish War (1635-1659). Oriented with north to top. 

When Prince Thomas and his Piedmontese forces captured Turin, the French, who had previously held the city, retreated into the citadel. They were then kept under constant attack by the Spanish and Piedmontese, as shown in this print. It was to relieve the citadel and take control of the city again that the French forces under Harcourt and Turenne besieged the city as a whole.

  • Anonymous (printmaker)

  • Watermark: Map: none visible. Mount: None.

    Condition: one fold line; slight brown discolouration; some offsetting from a different print. Pressure marks to recto and verso

  • Scale: not stated

    35.4 x 30.6 cm (image and sheet)

    cropped (platemark)

    54.3 x 38.7 cm (mount)

  • Printed title:

    Dissegno della Città e Cittadella di Torino, con li ripari, fortificationi, e / batterie fatte per parte dell Altezza del S.mo Prencipe Tomaso contro / Cittadella, et quelle fatte da francesi contro della Citta [top right]

    Additional text:

    [bottom right, in simple cartouche, a key, A-F.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Turin 1640.

    Other annotations: none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Turin Disegno della Citta e Citadella di Torino con li ripari, Fortificationi e Batterie fatte per parte del Principe Tomaso contra Citadella et quelle fatte da Francesi contra della Citta, 1640.

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Turin, Piedmont, Italy (45°04'13"N 07°41'12"E)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 3066

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