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Printed and manuscript maps, prints and views of 22 seventeenth-century wars


Siege of Kinsale, 1690


Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: 1:9,000 approx. | RCIN 724049

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A map of the siege of Kinsale, 29 September-16 October 1690, by the British Williamite army, commanded by John Churchill, later 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), resulting in the capitulation of the town's garrison under governor Sir Edward Scott. Williamite-Jacobite War in Ireland (1688-91), part of the Nine Years War (1688-97). Oriented with west to top. 

This map shows the two forts that guarded the town of Kinsale. Marlborough had not realised that the newer Fort Charles (Le nouveais Fort), was equipped with 200 bronze guns mounted on the five bastions which can be seen on the map. Marlborough's first assault was on the old fort, across the river. When this was captured, Marlborough's engineers dug trenches towards Fort Charles and the combined British and Danish forces used cannon (positioned in the ‘Batterie’) and mortars (‘Batterie des Bombes’) to bombard the fort into submission.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in shield, below a crown; the letters WR suspended by a ‘4’ below; countermark: the letters I H S [with a cross on top of the H], the letters RC below

    Mark, stamped: 36

    Condition: eight fold lines; formerly folded into 11.1 x 9.8 cm; paper repair to tear bottom centre; small tears to right edge. Verso: heavy surface dirt along outer fold lines

  • Scale: 1:9,000 approx. Scale bar: [34 mm =] 1000 Foot.

    38.6 x 52.1 cm (neatline)

    39.6 x 47.4 cm (image)

    43.9 x 57.5 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN DE / LATTAQUE DES / FORTS DE / KINSALE [bottom right, in cartouche representing draped, fringed material]


    George III heading: Kinsale 1690.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [left of centre, at top of outer folded panel, ink:] plan du Siege de Kinsal; [below this ink title, black pencil:] 109; [bottom, right of centre, black pencil:] IV176-1

    George III catalogue entry:

    Kinsale Plan dessiné de l’Attaque des Forts de Kinsale en 1690.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Kinsale, Munster, Ireland (51°42ʹ27ʺN 08°31ʹ50ʺW)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    R. Holmes, Marlborough, England's fragile genius, London 2008, pp. 169-70

    Lord Churchill’s coup: the Anglo-American Empire and the Glorious Revolution reconsidered, Syracuse 1998, pp. 243-4

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