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The wars of 1735–9, 1768–74 and 1787–92

? OC de Marin (active 1736-41)

Ochakov, 1737

PLAN DER VESTUNG OTZAKOFF / wie solche nach der eroberung im Octobre 1737 / würcklich befunden 1737 or later

Pencil, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: 1:1,000 approx. | RCIN 728013

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A plan showing the state of the fortress at Ochakov at the end of October 1737 after the failed Turkish siege. Russo-Turkish War (1735-9). Oriented with north-west to top (compass rose).

The attribution to O.C. de Marin is made on stylistic grounds. The Russian army had successfully besieged Ochakov in July 1737 taking possession of the fortress. This plan shows the state of the fort in the aftermath of the Russian victory over the Turks at the end of October, after the Turks had failed in their attempt to retake the fortress. The Turkish siege began on 15 October and was abandoned during the night of 29-30 October.

This detailed, large-scale plan shows the walls of the old, inner fortress, and the damage which was done to them during the first Russian attack in July. The camps of the captured Turks are seen on the west and east sides of the fortress.

  • ? OC de Marin (active 1736-41) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys

    Mark, stamped: 260

    Condition: one fold line

  • Scale: 1:1,000 approx. Scale bar: Maastab von 30 Faden [49 mm = 30].

    44.1 x 64.6 cm (neatline)

    45.3 x 65.8 cm (image)

    48.5 x 68.9 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN DER VESTUNG OTZAKOFF / wie solche nach der eroberung im Octobre 1737 / würcklich befunden. [top centre, in cartouche representing a scroll]

    Additional text:

    Renvoy. [top right, in a cartouche representing a torn sheet of paper pinned to a board, a key, A-I, K-U, W, X, to the key features of the fortifications, and, a-f, to the gates of the town:]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Otchakov 15-30 Oct.r 1737.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom, right of centre, red pencil:] 6/80; [bottom, right of centre, black pencil, erased:] VIII/[13]; [top, left of centre, red pencil:] 6/80.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Otchakov Plan der Vestung Otzakoff wie solche nach der oeroberung im October 1737 wurklich befunden. drawn.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Ochakiv, Mykolayivs'ka Oblast, Ukraine (46°36'46"N 31°32'59"E)

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