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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

George Louis le Rouge (1707-93/4)

Breisach, 1743

LES ENVIRONS / DU VIEUX BRISAC / LA POSITION DE L'ISLE DE RHEINACH 1743

Etching and engraving; printed on paper | Scale: 1:17,500 approx. | RCIN 728122

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A map of the fortifications along the banks of the Rhine at Old and New Breisach and the bridge across the river made by the Austrians, 1743. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south-east to top.

A medium-scale topographical map showing the pontoon bridge constructed by the Austrians immediately south of Old Breisach. Many islands, some named, are shown in the river. The outlines of the demolished Ville Neuve and Fort St Jacques are indicated, together with the positions of French and Austrian troops. A projected extension of the fortifications of Nouveau Brisac is faintly engraved on the western side of the town.

This was part of the operations in the summer following the Battle of Dettingen (27 June 1743) in which the Allied armies unsuccessfully attempted to invade France by crossing the Rhine.

  • George Louis le Rouge (1707-93/4) (cartographer) and (publisher) [bottom left, below title and dedication, in title panel:] Par son très humble et très Obeissant Serviteur / Le Rouge Ingr. Geographe du Roy. / A PARIS / Rue des Grands Augustins vis à vis le Panier / Fleury. / 1743.

    Maurepas, Jean Frederic Phelippeaux, Comte (dedicatee)

  • Watermark: Chaplet and countermark similar to Churchill 514 and 515

    Condition: one fold line; discolouration along fold line; a tear, to the fold, bottom centre, repaired on verso with white paper strip [old repair]. Verso: surface dirt; bottom centre, large waterstained patch, fragments of paper, and ghosting [VOL IV], from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:17,500 approx. Scale bar: Mille Toises ou une petitte demie Lieue. [109 mm =].

    46.2 x 55.1 cm (neatline)

    46.5 x 55.4 cm (image)

    48.1 x 56.9 cm (platemark)

    50.5 x 64.3 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    LES ENVIRONS / DU VIEUX BRISAC / LA POSITION DE L'ISLE DE RHEINACH. [bottom left, in rectangular panel]

    Dedication:

    DEDIÉE / a M.gr le Comte de Maurepas / Ministre et Secretaire d'Etat. [bottom left, below title, in title panel]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Passage of the Rhine at Old Brisach 4 Sept.r 1743.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top right, black pencil:] 51; [bottom right, black pencil:] 43; [right centre, red pencil:] 27.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Brisach Plan des Environs du Vieux Brisach, et la position de l'Isle de Rheinach (relatif au passage du Rhin par le Prince Charles de Lorraine le 4 Sept.re) par le Rouge 1743. [The same entry appears under the heading Rhine.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Breisach am Rhein, Baden-Württemburg, Germany (48°01'58"N 07°34'58"E)

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