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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland


Order of battle, 1746, Austrian army

ORDRE DE BATAILLE de l'Armée Autrichienne commandée par le Gen.l F. Marechal Comte de Traun 1746 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; some pricking through | 25.0 x 37.3 cm (image) | RCIN 730007

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An order of battle of the Austrian army under the command of Field Marshal Count de Traun, 1746. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48).

The style of the calligraphy is somewhat similar to that of George Augustus Schultz (active 1735-49), Cumberland's draughtsman, but the colouring technique of the regimental rectangles is very like that used by Johann Carl Treu (active 1740s), a military engineer of unknown nationality.

Commanding and regimental officers are named; there is no key to the colours used, but the colouring appears to denote the facings of the uniforms. The General Officers commanding the First Line are Field Marshalls Bathiany and Traun; Generals (Marechals de Camp) Broun, Salm; Lieutenant-Generals Courrier, Piccolomini, Geisrück, Lucesi, Carl Palfy; Major-Generals Gelhay, Rodt-Gemming, Ariosty, Lanoye, Welwart, Osteim, Serbelloni; Brigadiers [no names given under this heading].

The General Officers of the Second Line are Lieutenant-Generals Holy, Lutzani, Berenclau, Birckenfeldt; Major-Generals Gross, Rogendorff, Starenberg, L: Palfy, Breitlach; Brigadiers [no names given under this heading]. The Corps de Reserve is commanded by Baroniay, Prizickowsky, Trips, Bournoville, Minsky.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: None

    Mark, stamped: 490

    Condition: no fold lines. Verso: some surface dirt; induced discolouration

  • 25.0 x 37.3 cm (image)

    29.1 x 40.3 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    ORDRE DE BATAILLE de l'Armée Autrichienne commandée par le Gen.l F. Marechal Comte de Traun.

    Additional text:

    Dans le Corps de Reserve manquent encore les Trouppes irregulieres, arrivés le d Aout. [bottom, a note]; [Bottom left, a summary of the numbers of squadrons and battalions in the first and second lines.] [Bottom right, a summary of the number of field pieces of artillery.]


    George III heading: Order of battle 1746.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, ink, the date 1746 appears to have been added later, perhaps by Cumberland's draughtsman Schultz or his librarian, Mason.] [black pencil underlining and markings to some names.] (Verso) [bottom left, erased and indistinct:] [Order of Ba]ttle; [top left, black pencil:] XI/34a; [bottom right, black pencil:] XI/34a.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Order of Battle Ordre de Bataille de l’Armée Autrichienne commandée par le General F. Marechal Comte de Traun, 1746. ms.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)


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