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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Dugal Campbell (d. 1757)

Siege of Bergen op Zoom, 1747

A View of the Principal Front Attack'd of BERGEN OP ZOOM shewing the Breaches / made by the Enemies Batteries c.1747

Pencil, pen, brown and black ink and grey wash on paper; laid down on linen | 19.6 x 40.8 cm (image) | RCIN 730151.x

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A view of the fortifications of Bergen op Zoom, 1747. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south-east to top.

The view is taken from the Dedem ravelin. Campbell's note states that he had visited the breaches the day before the French stormed the walls, so this view must represent the state of the destruction on 17 September.

The town of Bergen op Zoom, fortified by Baron Menno van Coehoorn (1641-1704; Dutch military engineer) and garrisoned under the command of General Isaac Cronström (1661-1752; a Swedish officer serving as General in Chief of the Dutch army), was besieged by the French army under the command of General Count Ulrich Löwendahl (1700-55; a German-born Danish officer serving in the French army), from 14 July to 18 September, when the fortified town was taken by the French.

One of a collection of 24 plans and sketches of the fortifications of Bergen op Zoom, showing various stages of the siege of 1747, by James Abercrombie, Charles Bisset, Dugal Campbell, and J.P. Isenbart and other anonymous draughtsmen. See RCINs 730151.a-x (j and v not included).

  • Dugal Campbell (d. 1757) (surveyor and draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Trimmed: horn in crowned shield; countermark crowned monogram GR

    Mark, stamped: 665

    Condition: no fold lines visible; brown staining on verso

  • 19.3 x 40.8 cm (neatline)

    19.6 x 40.8 cm (image)

    20.1 x 41.5 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    A View of the Principal Front Attack'd of BERGEN OP ZOOM shewing the Breaches / made by the Enemies Batteries. [top]

    Additional text:

    [bottom left, a note giving the estimated width of the breaches in the bastions:] The day before the Ennemy storm'd the Place, I view'd / the Breaches & I judged their width to be nearly / as follow / [between 35 and 45 feet] / And did not Observe the Revitement to be broke above 6 feet / below the Cordon the rest was cover'd by the Rubbish faln down [bottom right:] Profile of the Breaches near the point of the / Bastions.


    George III heading: Bergen op Zoom 1747.

    Other annotations: none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Bergen op Zoom A drawn view of the principal front attacked of Bergen op Zoom, shewing the breaches made by the Enemy's Batteries in 1747; by Dug. Campbell Eng.r

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)


  • Subject(s)

    Bergen op Zoom, North Brabant, Netherlands (51°29'42"N 04°17'30"E)

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