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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Anonymous

Siege of Bergen op Zoom, 1747

Plan von der attaquirten / Polÿgon zu Bergen op Zoom c.1747

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: not stated. 1:2,400 approx. | RCIN 730151.l

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A plan of the fortifications of Bergen op Zoom, 1747. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with south-east to top.

The town of Bergen op Zoom, fortified by Baron Menno van Coehoorn (1641-1704; Dutch military engineer) and garrisoned under the command of General Isaac Cronström (1661-1752; a Swedish officer serving as General in Chief of the Dutch army), was besieged by the French army under the command of General Count Ulrich Löwendahl (1700-55; a German-born Danish officer serving in the French army), from 14 July to 18 September, when the fortified town was taken by the French.

A smaller-scale sketch showing the general positions of the French trenches at 24 August.

One of a collection of 24 plans and sketches of the fortifications of Bergen op Zoom, showing various stages of the siege of 1747, by James Abercrombie, Charles Bisset, Dugal Campbell, and J.P. Isenbart and other anonymous draughtsmen. See RCINs 730151.a-x (j and v not included).

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Cropped, countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 654

    Condition: two fold lines

  • Scale: not stated. 1:2,400 approx.

    16.4 x 21.6 cm (neatline)

    16.7 x 21.8 cm (image)

    19.2 x 24.8 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Plan von der attaquirten / Polÿgon zu Bergen op Zoom. [1747.] [top right]

    Additional text:

    [top right, below title, a key, a-f, to the bastions, ravelin and lunetttes, and 1-4 to the French works:] Explication ... den 24ten August 1747.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Bergen op Zoom 1747.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top left, black pencil, encircled:] 28. (Verso) [top left, black pencil, in Schultz's or Mason's hand]: VII/43; [top left, on top of previous inscription, black pencil, erased:] XIII/60-z.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Bergen op Zoom Plan von der attaquirten Polygon zu Bergen op Zoom, den 24.ten August 1747.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Bergen op Zoom, North Brabant, Netherlands (51°29'42"N 04°17'30"E)

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