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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands

? Nicolas Sanson (1600-67)

Mantua, 1701

Carte Nouvelle DU DUCHÉ DE MANTOUE Levée par ordre Exprès. à L’USAGE des ARMÉES en ITALIE; où sont / Exactement Marqués les GRANDS CHEMINS, les ROUTES des IMPERIAUX &c 1721 or later

Engraving; printed on paper; hand-coloured | Scale: 1:208,000 approx. | RCIN 725003

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A map showing the routes, campsites and places of battle of the French and Imperial armies in the Duchy of Mantua in 1701 at the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with north to top (compass rose).

This map was previously published in Pieter Mortier's Atlas Nouveau a l'Usage de Monsieur le Duc de Bourgogne. Shirley (2004, vol.1, p.729) lists it as item 74 in Vol.2 of the atlas (BL Maps C.39.f.14/2). Mortier's atlas was itself an augmented edition of Alexis Hubert Jaillot and Pieter Mortier's Atlas Nouveau, Contenant Touts les Parties du Monde ... [1692] (Shirley, 2004, vol.1, pp.580-82) to which new maps, including this, were added. The first edition of Jaillot's atlas was based on work by Nicolas Sanson (1600-67). Mortier did, however, attribute the authorship of some maps to Sanson for which there was no basis in fact (van Egmond, 2004, pp.107-8). Mortier's earlier version of this map has the same title but the imprint reads: ‘à AMSTERDAM chez P. MORTIER Avec Privil. / On vend chez le mesme trois diferente Plans de Mantoue tres belle et toutte les autres Villes d'Italie.’.

This map shows the routes by which Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663-1736), commanding the Imperial army, entered northern Italy on his way to Milan. The campsites of his winter quarters in 1701 are clearly depicted west of Mantova.

  • ? Nicolas Sanson (1600-67) (cartographer)

    Covens & Mortier : Amsterdam (Johannes Covens (1697-1774) and Cornelis Mortier (1699-1783)) (cartographer and publisher) [top, following on from title:] Par le Sr. SANSON. Geograp. du Roy. à AMSTERDAM chez J. CÓVENS et C. MORTIER.

  • Watermark: None

    Condition: one fold line; induced discolouration. Verso, bottom, right of centre: shadow and remnants of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:208,000 approx. Scale bars: Dix Milles d'Italie [89 mm =]; Lieües d'une heure de Chemin [80 mm = 3]; Petites Lieües de France [89 mm = 5].

    47.0 x 56.0 cm (neatline)

    51.3 x 58.2 cm (image)

    53.0 x 59.8 cm (platemark)

    55.1 x 63.9 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    Carte Nouvelle DU DUCHÉ DE MANTOUE Levée par ordre Exprès. à L’USAGE des ARMÉES en ITALIE; où sont / Exactement Marqués les GRANDS CHEMINS, les ROUTES des IMPERIAUX &c. [top, outside border]

    Additional text:

    [bottom right, in a cartouche decorated with images of a soldier in Roman uniform holding, on his left arm, a shield with the double-headed eagle of the Holy Roman Empire, and another, semi-naked, figure holding a mask and dagger, with further soldiers behind: the scale bars and the explanations of the symbols used on the map.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Mantua 1701.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, black pencil, crossed out in black pencil:] 117; [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] 5; [top right, black pencil:] 1701; [top right, black pencil, crossed out in black pencil:] b.; [bottom right, black pencil:] 7; [bottom, left of centre, black pencil, cropped and illegible]; [right centre, red pencil, crossed out in red pencil:] 5; [right centre, red pencil:] 1.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Mantua Carte nouvelle du Duché de Mantoue à l'usage des Armées en Italie, ou sont marqués les Grands Chemins, les Routes des Imperiaux &.c 1701: par le S.r Sanson, chez Covens et Mortier.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Mantova, Lombardy, Italy (45°09'37"N 10°47'52"E)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. van Egmond, ‘Covens & Mortier. A map publishing house in Amsterdam 1685-1866’, Utrecht Studies in the History of Cartography 8, Houten, 2009

    R. Shirley, Maps in the atlases of the British Library; a descriptive catalogue c.A.D. 8501800, 2 vols, London, 2004