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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands

Jean Henri Weber (active 1710-11)

Siege of Douai, 1710

PLAN ∙ des environs de DOUAY ∙ ARRAS ∙ / LENS ∙ ESCLUSE ∙ et ARLEUX ∙ avec les atta = / ques contre la Ville de Douay: et son fort de / l'Escarpe∙ avec sa circum = et contrevalation: quand / elle étoit assiégée par les... 1710 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on two pieces of linen, sewn together | Scale: 1:61,500 approx. | RCIN 726042

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A map of the siege of Douai, 23 April to 26 June 1710, by the Allied army (Great Britain, Dutch Republic, Austria), commanded by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), resulting in the surrender of the town by the French. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with south-west to top (cardinal points).

This is a detailed topographical map showing, in particular, the fluvial features and indicating areas prone to flooding by a deep bluey-green wash.

The planimetry of this map is very distorted; the coverage extends from around Marquain (Marquion 50°12'40"N 03°05'13"E) in the top left corner to Arras (50°17'34"N 02°46'54"E) in the top right corner, and from Pequencourt (Pecquencourt 50°22'42"N 03°12'46"E) in the bottom left corner to the area around Lens (50°25'58"N 02°49'40"E) in the bottom right. Many place-names, including Lécluse (50°16'36"N 03°02'25"E), are marked.

  • Jean Henri Weber (active 1710-11) (surveyor and draughtsman) [top left, below title, in title panel:] levé et désigné par J.H. Weber.

  • Watermark: Crown above fleur-de-lys in shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters WR below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 131

    Condition: five fold lines; creased and torn along central fold; trimmed; foxing on both sides. Verso: bottom, right of centre, water-stained patch and fragments from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:61,500 approx. Scale bar: Echelle de 3000 Toises. [95 mm =].

    43.8 x 55.4 cm (image and neatline)

    48.0 x 57.1 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN · des environs de DOUAY · ARRAS · / LENS · ESCLUSE · et ARLEUX · avec les atta = / ques contre la Ville de Douay: et son fort de / l'Escarpe· avec sa circum = et contrevalation: quand / elle étoit assiégée par les Hauts Alliés l'an · 1710 · in = / vestie le 23me d'avrill les Trenchées ouvertes le 4me du / May, comme aussi des tous les Campemens des deux / Armée pendant le Siége · et principalent celuy des Al = / liés sur la plaine de Lens · avec son rétrenchement qu'ils / faisoient quand les ennemie faisoient mine pour livrer Battaille. [top left, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [bottom right, in rectangular panel, a key, A-I, K-T, V-Z, to the attacks of the Princes of Orange and Anhalt against Douai, the attack of General Fagel against l'Escarpe, the various dispositions of the troops, circum- and contravallations, redoubts and other field works, the encampments, positions of English, Dutch and French artillery, etc:] Renvoy des Lettres.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Douay 23 April - 25 June 1710.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, black pencil:] 88; [bottom right, at end of key, brown ink:] 1710. (Verso) [top right, ink, obscured by linen backing:] 88.; [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] 78; [right centre, red pencil:] 78; [bottom right, obscured by linen backing, ink:] Douay avril 1710.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Douay Plan dessiné des Environs de Douay, Arras, Lens, Escluse et Arleux; avec les attaques contre la Ville de Douay et son Fort de l'Escarpe: et sa circum - et contrevalation quand elle etoit assiegée par les Hauts-Alliés l'an 1710: par I.H. Weber Ing.r

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Douai, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France (50°22'00"N 03°04'00"E)